f10-k.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549

FORM 10-K

( X ) ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010
(  ) TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________
Commission File Number 1-7349

Ball Corporation

State of Indiana                 35-0160610
10 Longs Peak Drive, P.O. Box 5000
Broomfield, Colorado  80021-2510

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (303) 469-3131
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

   
Name of each exchange
Title of each class
 
on which registered
Common Stock, without par value
 
New York Stock Exchange
   
Chicago Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  NONE

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  YES [X]  NO [   ]

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  YES [   ]  NO [X]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  YES [X]  NO [   ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months.  YES [X]  NO [   ]

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  [   ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer [X]
Accelerated filer [   ]
Non-accelerated filer [   ]
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  YES [   ]  NO [X]

The aggregate market value of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $4.93 billion based upon the closing market price and common shares outstanding as of June 27, 2010.

Number of shares outstanding as of the latest practicable date.

 
Class
 
Outstanding at February 6, 2011
 
 
 
Common Stock, without par value
 
 
169,198,602
 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

1.
Proxy statement to be filed with the Commission within 120 days after December 31, 2010, to the extent indicated in Part III.

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Ball Corporation and Subsidiaries
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
For the year ended December 31, 2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS

   
Page Number
PART I.
   
     
Item 1.
Business
1
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
7
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
11
Item 2.
Properties
12
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
14
Item 4.
(Reserved)
14
     
PART II.
   
     
Item 5.
Market for the Registrant’s Common Stock and Related Stockholder Matters
14
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
16
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
17
 
Forward-Looking Statements
28
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
29
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
31
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
31
 
Consolidated Statements of Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008
32
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009
33
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008
34
 
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008
35
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
36
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
91
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
91
Item 9B.
Other Information
91
     
PART III.
   
     
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance of the Registrant
92
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
93
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management
93
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions
93
Item 14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
93
     
PART IV.
   
     
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
94
 
Signatures
95
 
Index to Exhibits
97

 
 

 


PART I
 
Item 1.                      Business

Ball Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries (Ball, we, the company or our) is one of the world’s leading suppliers of metal packaging to the beverage, food and household products industries. Our packaging products are produced for a variety of end uses and are manufactured in plants around the world. We also supply aerospace and other technologies and services to governmental and commercial customers within our aerospace and technologies segment. In 2010 our total consolidated net sales were $7.6 billion. Our packaging businesses are responsible for 91 percent of our net sales, with the remaining 9 percent contributed by our aerospace business.

Our largest product lines are aluminum and steel beverage containers, which accounted for 73 percent of our 2010 total net sales and 82 percent of our 2010 total earnings before interest and taxes. We also produce steel food containers and steel aerosol containers for beverages and foods, as well as steel paint cans, decorative steel tins and aluminum slugs.

We sell our packaging products primarily to major beverage, food and household products companies with which we have developed long-term customer relationships. This is evidenced by our high customer retention and our large number of long-term supply contracts. We sell a majority of our packaging products to relatively few major companies in North America, Europe, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Brazil and Argentina, as do our equity joint ventures in the U.S. and the PRC.

Our aerospace business is a leader in the design, development and manufacture of innovative aerospace systems for civil, commercial and national security aerospace markets. It produces spacecraft, instruments and sensors, radio frequency systems and components, data exploitation solutions and a variety of advanced aerospace technologies and products that enable deep space missions.

We are headquartered in Broomfield, Colorado. Our stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the Chicago Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol BLL.

Our Strategy

Our overall business strategy is to grow our worldwide beverage can business, to leverage our food and household products packaging business, to grow our aerospace business and to utilize free cash flow and earnings growth to increase shareholder value.

We maintain a clear and disciplined financial strategy focused on improving shareholder returns through:

Delivering long-term earnings per share growth of 10 percent to 15 percent per annum
Focusing on free cash flow generation
Increasing Economic Value Added (EVA®)

The cash generated by our businesses is used primarily: (1) to finance the company’s operations, (2) to fund stock buy-back programs and dividend payments, (3) to fund strategic capital investments and (4) to service the company’s debt. We will, when we believe it will benefit the company and our shareholders, make strategic acquisitions or divest parts of our company.

The compensation of many of our employees is tied directly to the company’s performance through our EVA® incentive programs. When the company performs well, our employees are paid more. If the company does not perform well, our employees get paid less or no incentive compensation.
 
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Our Reporting Segments

Since June 2010, with the announced sale of the company’s plastics packaging, Americas, business, Ball Corporation has had four reportable segments. After aggregating the metal beverage packaging, Americas and Asia, segments based on similar economic and qualitative characteristics, the four reportable segments are: (1) metal beverage packaging, Americas and Asia; (2) metal beverage packaging, Europe; (3) metal food and household products packaging, Americas; and (4) aerospace and technologies. Ball also has investments in companies in the U.S. and the PRC, which are accounted for using the equity method of accounting and, accordingly, those results are not included in segment sales or earnings. We previously accounted for our investment in a Brazilian joint venture using the equity method of accounting. However, during August 2010, Ball acquired an additional economic interest in the joint venture and its results since the acquisition date are consolidated and included in the metal beverage packaging, Americas and Asia, segment.

Profitability is sensitive to selling prices, production volumes, labor, transportation, utility and warehousing costs, as well as the availability and price of raw materials, such as aluminum, tinplate steel and other direct materials. These raw materials are generally available from several sources, and we have secured what we consider to be adequate supplies and are not experiencing any shortages. There has been significant consolidation of raw material suppliers in both North America and in Europe over the past several years. Raw materials and energy sources, such as natural gas and electricity, may from time to time be in short supply or unavailable due to external factors. We cannot predict the timing or effects, if any, of such occurrences on future operations.

Metal Beverage Packaging, Americas and Asia, Segment

Metal beverage packaging, Americas and Asia, is Ball’s largest segment, accounting for 51 percent of consolidated net sales in 2010. Metal beverage containers are primarily sold under multi-year supply contracts to fillers of carbonated soft drinks, beer, energy drinks and other beverages.

Americas

In August 2010, the company acquired an additional 10.1 percent economic interest in its Brazilian metal beverage packaging joint venture, Latapack-Ball Embalagens Ltda. (Latapack-Ball), through a transaction with the joint venture partner, Latapack S.A. This transaction increased the company’s overall economic interest in the joint venture to 60.1 percent and resulted in Ball becoming the primary beneficiary of the entity and, consequently, consolidating the joint venture.

Metal beverage containers are produced at 17 manufacturing facilities in the U.S., one in Canada and two in Brazil. Can ends are produced within four of the U.S. facilities, including two facilities that manufacture only can ends, and one facility in Brazil. Additionally, Rocky Mountain Metal Container, LLC, a 50-percent investment owned by Ball and MillerCoors, LLC, operates metal beverage container and can end manufacturing facilities in Golden, Colorado.

Where growth is projected in certain markets or for certain products, Ball is undertaking selected capacity increases in its existing facilities and may establish or obtain additional manufacturing capacity to the extent required by the growth of any of the markets we serve. In January 2011, we announced that we will close our Torrance, California, plant; relocate a line from the Torrance plant to our Whitby, Ontario, plant and expand specialty can production in our Fort Worth, Texas, plant. In February 2011, we announced plans to construct a new metal beverage container manufacturing plant in northeast Brazil, which is one of the fastest growing regions of the country. The new plant will be located in Alagoinhas and is expected to start up in early 2012. The output from the first line has been contracted under a long-term agreement.

According to publicly available information and company estimates, the combined U.S., Canadian and Brazilian metal beverage container markets represent more than 117 billion units. Five companies manufacture substantially all of the metal beverage containers in the U.S. and Canada and three companies manufacture substantially all such containers in Brazil. Two of these producers and three other independent producers also manufacture metal beverage containers in Mexico. Ball produced in excess of 43 billion recyclable beverage containers in the U.S., Canada and Brazil in 2010 – about 37 percent of the aggregate production for those markets. Sales volumes of metal beverage containers in North America tend to be highest during the period from April through September while in Brazil, sales volumes tend to be highest from September through December. All of the beverage cans produced by Ball in the U.S., Canada and Brazil are made of aluminum, as are almost all beverage cans produced by our competitors in those countries. In 2010 we were able to recover substantially all aluminum-related cost increases levied by sheet producers through either financial or contractual means. In the Americas segment, five aluminum suppliers provide virtually all of our requirements.

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Metal beverage containers are sold based on price, quality, service, innovation and sustainability in a highly competitive market, which is relatively capital intensive and is characterized by plants that run more or less continuously in order to operate profitably. In addition, the metal beverage container competes aggressively with other packaging materials. The glass bottle has maintained a meaningful position in the packaged beer industry, while the PET container has grown significantly in the carbonated soft drink and water industries over the past quarter century.

We believe we have limited our exposure related to changes in the costs of aluminum ingot as a result of the inclusion of provisions in most metal beverage container sales contracts to pass through aluminum ingot price changes, as well as through the use of derivative instruments.

Asia

The metal beverage container market in the PRC is approximately 15 billion containers, of which Ball’s operations represent an estimated 31 percent. Our percentage of the industry makes us one of the largest manufacturers of metal beverage containers in the PRC. Eight other manufacturers account for the remainder of the production. Our operations include the manufacture of aluminum cans and ends in four plants in the PRC, as well as in a joint venture. We also manufacture and sell high-density plastic containers in two PRC plants primarily servicing the motor oil industry.

In June 2010, the company acquired Guangdong Jianlibao Group Co., Ltd’s 65 percent interest in a joint venture metal beverage can and end plant in Sanshui (Foshan), PRC. Ball had owned 35 percent of the joint venture plant since 1992. Ball acquired the 65 percent interest for $86.9 million in cash (net of cash acquired) and assumed debt, and also entered into a long-term beverage can supply agreement with Jianlibao and one of its affiliates.

Metal Beverage Packaging, Europe, Segment

The European metal beverage container market, excluding Russia, is approximately 51 billion containers, and Ball Packaging Europe is the second largest producer with an estimated 32 percent of European shipments. While the European market is highly regional in terms of sales growth rates and packaging mix, it is showing signs of general improvement and is expected to return to historical growth trends following the impacts of the global economic downturn. In Germany over the past year, two discounters relisted beverage cans on their shelves, continuing the redevelopment of the German beverage can market. During 2010 the company decided not to place into operations a plant in Lublin, Poland, and will instead install the can line originally intended for Lublin in its Belgrade, Serbia, plant.

Sales volumes of metal beverage containers in Europe tend to be highest during the period from May through August with a smaller increase in demand leading up to the winter holiday season in the United Kingdom. As in North America, the metal beverage container competes aggressively with other packaging materials used by the European beer and carbonated soft drink industries. The glass bottle is heavily utilized in the packaged beer industry, while the PET container is utilized in the carbonated soft drink, beer, juice and mineral water industries.

The metal beverage packaging, Europe, segment, which accounted for 22 percent of Ball’s consolidated net sales in 2010, supplies two-piece metal beverage containers and ends for producers of carbonated soft drinks, beer, mineral water, fruit juices, energy drinks and other beverages. The European operations consist of 12 plants – 10 beverage container plants and two beverage end plants – of which four are located in Germany, three in the United Kingdom, two in France and one each in the Netherlands, Poland and Serbia. In addition, Ball Packaging Europe is currently renting additional space on the premises of a supplier in Haslach, Germany, in order to produce the Ball Resealable End (BRE). The European plants produced approximately 16 billion cans in 2010, with approximately 58 percent of those being produced from aluminum and 42 percent from steel. Six of the container plants use aluminum and four use steel.

In January 2011, Ball completed the acquisition of Aerocan S.A.S. (Aerocan), a leading European supplier of aluminum aerosol containers, for €222.4 million (approximately $300 million) in cash and assumed debt. Aerocan manufactures aluminum aerosol containers, and the aluminum slugs used to make them, for customers in the personal care, pharmaceutical, beverage and food industries. It operates three aerosol container manufacturing plants – one each in the Czech Republic, France and the United Kingdom – and is a 51 percent owner of a joint venture aluminum slug plant in France. The four plants employ approximately 560 people. The acquisition of Aerocan allows Ball to enter a growing part of the metal packaging industry and to broaden the company’s market development efforts into a new customer base.

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European raw material supply contracts are generally for a period of one year, although Ball Packaging Europe has negotiated some longer term agreements. In Europe three steel suppliers and four aluminum suppliers provide approximately 95 percent of our requirements. Aluminum is traded primarily in U.S. dollars, while the functional currencies of Ball Packaging Europe and its subsidiaries are non-U.S. dollars. The company generally tries to minimize the resulting foreign exchange rate risk using derivative and supply contracts in local currencies. In addition, purchase and sales contracts generally include fixed price, floating and pass-through pricing arrangements.

Metal Food & Household Products Packaging, Americas, Segment

The metal food and household products packaging, Americas, segment, accounted for 18 percent of consolidated net sales in 2010. Ball produces two-piece and three-piece steel food containers and ends for packaging vegetables, fruit, soups, meat, seafood, nutritional products, pet food and other products. The segment also manufactures and sells aerosol, paint and general line containers, as well as decorative specialty containers and aluminum slugs. There are a total of 15 plants in the U.S. and Canada that produce these products. In addition, the company manufactures and sells aerosol containers in two plants in Argentina.

Sales volumes of metal food containers in North America tend to be highest from May through October as a result of seasonal fruit, vegetable and salmon packs. We estimate our 2010 shipments of more than 5 billion steel food containers to be approximately 18 percent of total U.S. and Canadian metal food container shipments. We estimate our aerosol business accounts for approximately 49 percent of total annual U.S. and Canadian steel aerosol shipments. We are the leading supplier of aluminum slugs in the U.S. and Canada and estimate our percentage of total industry shipments to be approximately 98 percent.

Competitors in the metal food container product line include two national and a small number of regional suppliers and self manufacturers. Several producers in Mexico also manufacture steel food containers. Competition in the U.S. steel aerosol container market primarily includes three other national suppliers. Steel containers also compete with other packaging materials in the food and household products industry including glass, aluminum, plastic, paper and the stand-up pouch. As a result, profitability for this product line is dependent on price, cost reduction, service and quality. In North America, two steel suppliers provide nearly 65 percent of our tinplate steel. We believe we have limited our exposure related to changes in the costs of steel tinplate and aluminum as a result of the inclusion of provisions in many sales contracts to pass through steel and aluminum cost changes and the existence of certain other steel container sales contracts that incorporate annually negotiated metal costs. In 2010 we were able to pass through the majority of steel cost increases levied by producers.

Cost containment is crucial to maintaining profitability in the food and aerosol container manufacturing industries and Ball is focused on doing so. Toward that end, in September 2010, Ball announced the closure of its metal food container manufacturing plant in Richmond, British Columbia; and during 2008 and 2009, Ball closed its aerosol container manufacturing plants in Tallapoosa, Georgia, and Commerce, California. The two aerosol plant closures resulted in a net reduction in manufacturing capacity of 10 production lines, including the relocation of two high-speed aerosol lines to other existing Ball facilities, and allowed us to supply customers from a more consolidated asset base.

Aerospace and Technologies Segment

Ball’s aerospace and technologies segment, which accounted for 9 percent of consolidated net sales in 2010, includes national defense hardware; antenna and video component technologies; civil and operational space hardware; and systems engineering services. The segment develops spacecraft, sensors and instruments, radio frequency systems and other advanced technologies for the civil, commercial and national security aerospace markets. The majority of the aerospace and technologies business involves work under contracts, generally from one to five years in duration, as a prime contractor or subcontractor for the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and other U.S. government agencies. Contracts funded by the various agencies of the federal government represented 96 percent of segment sales in 2010.

Geopolitical events, and shifting executive and legislative branch priorities have resulted in an increase in opportunities over the past decade in areas matching our aerospace and technologies segment’s core capabilities in space hardware. In 2010, we have seen an increase in space hardware orders, our traditional strength, combined with continued growth in opportunities related to our information services and tactical components. Uncertainties in the federal government budgeting process could delay the funding, or even result in cancellation of certain programs currently in our reported backlog. The businesses include hardware, software and services sold primarily to U.S. customers, with emphasis on space science and exploration, environmental and Earth sciences, and defense and intelligence applications. Major contractual activities frequently involve the design, manufacture and testing of satellites, remote sensors and ground station control hardware and software, as well as related services such as launch vehicle integration and satellite operations.

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Other hardware activities include target identification, warning and attitude control systems and components; cryogenic systems for reactant storage, and associated sensor cooling devices; star trackers, which are general-purpose stellar attitude sensors; and fast-steering mirrors. Additionally, the aerospace and technologies segment provides diversified technical services and products to government agencies, prime contractors and commercial organizations for a broad range of information warfare, electronic warfare, avionics, intelligence, training and space systems needs.

Backlog in the aerospace and technologies segment was $989 million and $518 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and consisted of the aggregate contract value of firm orders, excluding amounts previously recognized as revenue. The increase in backlog is primarily due to the previously announced awards of the WorldView-3 and Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) contracts. The 2010 backlog includes $521 million expected to be recognized in revenues during 2011, with the remainder expected to be recognized in revenues thereafter. Unfunded amounts included in backlog for certain firm government orders, which are subject to annual funding, were $620 million and $261 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Year-over-year comparisons of backlog are not necessarily indicative of the trend of future operations.

Discontinued Operations – Plastic Packaging, Americas

In August 2010, we completed the sale of our plastics packaging business and received gross proceeds of $280 million. This amount included $15 million of contingent consideration recognized at closing but did not include preliminary closing adjustments totaling $18.5 million paid in the fourth quarter. The sale of our plastics packaging business included five U.S. plants that manufactured polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles and preforms and polypropylene bottles, as well as associated customer contracts and other related assets and liabilities.

Our plastics business employed approximately 1,000 people and had manufacturing plants located in Ames, Iowa; Batavia, Illinois; Bellevue, Ohio; Chino, California; and Delran, New Jersey. The research and development operations were based in Broomfield and Westminster, Colorado.

Patents

In the opinion of the company, none of its active patents is essential to the successful operation of its business as a whole.

Research and Development

Research and development (R&D) efforts in our packaging segments are primarily directed toward packaging innovation, specifically the development of new features, sizes, shapes and types of containers, as well as new uses for existing containers. Other R&D efforts in these segments seek to improve manufacturing efficiencies and the overall sustainability of our products. Our North American packaging R&D activities are primarily conducted in the Ball Technology & Innovation Center (BTIC) located in Westminster, Colorado. The European R&D activities are primarily conducted in a technical center located in Bonn, Germany.

In our aerospace business, we continue to focus our R&D activities on the design, development and manufacture of innovative aerospace products and systems. This includes the production of spacecraft, instruments and sensors, radio frequency and system components, data exploitation solutions and a variety of advanced aerospace technologies and products that enable deep space missions. Our aerospace R&D activities are conducted at various locations in the U.S.

Additional information regarding company R&D activity is contained in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report, as well as included in Item 2, “Properties.”

Sustainability and the Environment

Throughout our company’s history, we have focused on our economic, social and environmental sustainability in all aspects of our businesses. We continue to make progress on the sustainability goals stated in our second sustainability report issued in June 2010.

Key issues for our company include reducing our use of electricity and natural gas; reducing waste and increasing recycling at our facilities; analyzing and reducing our water consumption; reducing our existing volatile organic compounds; and further improving safety performance in our facilities.

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The 2009 recycling rate in the U.S. for aluminum cans was 57 percent, the highest recycling rate for any beverage container. The 2009 U.S. recycling rate for steel cans was 66 percent. According to the most recently published data in North America, the aluminum can sheet we buy contains an average of 68 percent total recycled content and the average total recycled content for steel sheet is 33 percent.

Recycling rates vary throughout Europe but average around 63 percent for aluminum containers and 70 percent for steel containers, which exceeds the European Union’s goal of 50 percent recycling for metals. Due in part to the intrinsic value of aluminum and steel, metal packaging recycling rates in Europe compare favorably to those of other packaging materials. Ball’s European operations help establish and financially support recycling initiatives in growing markets, such as Poland and Serbia, to educate consumers about the benefits of recycling aluminum and steel containers and to increase recycling rates. We have initiated a similar program in the PRC to educate consumers in that market regarding the benefits of recycling.

Compliance with federal, state and local laws relating to protection of the environment has not had a material adverse effect upon the capital expenditures, earnings or competitive position of the company. As more fully described in Note 21 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and various state environmental agencies have designated the company as a potentially responsible party, along with numerous other companies, for the cleanup of several hazardous waste sites. However, the company’s information at this time indicates that these matters will not have a material adverse effect upon the liquidity, results of operations or financial condition of the company.

Legislation that would prohibit, tax or restrict the sale or use of certain types of containers, or would require diversion of solid wastes, including packaging materials, from disposal in landfills, has been or may be introduced anywhere we operate. While deposit systems and other container-related legislation has been adopted in some jurisdictions, similar legislation has been defeated in public referenda and legislative bodies in many others. The company anticipates that continuing efforts will be made to consider and adopt such legislation in the future. If such legislation were widely adopted, it could potentially have a material adverse effect on the business of the company, including its liquidity, results of operations or financial condition, as well as on the packaging industry generally, in view of the company’s substantial global sales and investment in metal container manufacturing. However, the packages we produce are widely used and perform well in U.S. states, Canadian provinces and European countries that have deposit systems.

Employee Relations

At the end of 2010, the company and its subsidiaries employed approximately 8,900 employees in the U.S. and 5,100 in other countries. Further details of collective bargaining agreements are included within Item 1A, Risk Factors, of this annual report.

Where to Find More Information

Ball Corporation is subject to the reporting and other information requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act). Reports and other information filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pursuant to the Exchange Act may be inspected and copied at the public reference facility maintained by the SEC in Washington, D.C. The SEC maintains a website at www.sec.gov containing our reports, proxy materials and other items. The company also maintains a website at www.ball.com on which it provides a link to access Ball’s SEC reports free of charge.

The company has established written Ball Corporation Corporate Governance Guidelines; a Ball Corporation Executive Officers and Board of Directors Business Ethics Statement; a Business Ethics booklet; and Ball Corporation Audit Committee, Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee, Human Resources Committee and Finance Committee charters. These documents are set forth on the company’s website at www.ball.com on the “Corporate” page, under the section “Investors,” under the subsection “Financial Information,” and under the link “Corporate Governance.” A copy may also be obtained upon request from the company’s corporate secretary.

The company intends to post on its website the nature of any amendments to the company’s codes of ethics that apply to executive officers and directors, including the chief executive officer, chief financial officer and controller, and the nature of any waiver or implied waiver from any code of ethics granted by the company to any executive officer or director. These postings will appear on the company’s website at www.ball.com under the “Corporate” page, section “Investors,” under the subsection “Financial Information,” and under the link “Corporate Governance.”

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Item 1A.                      Risk Factors

Any of the following risks could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Our business, operating results and financial condition are subject to particular risks in certain regions of the world.

We may experience an operating loss in one or more regions of the world for one or more periods, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition. Moreover, overcapacity, which often leads to lower prices, exists in a number of the regions in which we operate and may persist even if demand grows. Our ability to manage such operational fluctuations and to maintain adequate long-term strategies in the face of such developments will be critical to our continued growth and profitability.

There can be no assurance that the company’s business acquisitions will be successfully integrated into the acquiring company. (See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report for details of acquisitions made during the three years ended December 31, 2010, as well as Note 23 for an acquisition completed in January 2011.)

While we have what we believe to be well designed integration plans, if we cannot successfully integrate the acquired operations with those of Ball, we may experience material negative consequences to our business, financial condition or results of operations. The integration of companies that have previously been operated separately involves a number of risks, including, but not limited to:

demands on management related to the increase in our size after the acquisition;
the diversion of management’s attention from the management of existing operations to the integration of the acquired operations;
difficulties in the assimilation and retention of employees;
difficulties in the integration of departments, systems, including accounting systems, technologies, books and records and procedures, as well as in maintaining uniform standards, controls (including internal accounting controls), procedures and policies;
expenses related to any undisclosed or potential liabilities; and
retention of major customers and suppliers.

We may not be able to achieve potential synergies or maintain the levels of revenue, earnings or operating efficiency that each business had achieved or might achieve separately. The successful integration of the acquired operations will depend on our ability to manage those operations, realize revenue opportunities and, to some degree, eliminate redundant and excess costs.

The loss of a key customer, or a reduction in its requirements, could have a significant negative impact on our sales.

We sell a majority of our packaging products to relatively few major beverage, packaged food and household product companies, some of which operate in North America, South America, Europe and Asia.

Although the majority of our customer contracts are long-term, these contracts are terminable under certain circumstances, such as our failure to meet quality, volume or market pricing requirements. Because we depend on relatively few major customers, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be adversely affected by the loss of any of these customers, a reduction in the purchasing levels of these customers, a strike or work stoppage by a significant number of these customers’ employees or an adverse change in the terms of the supply agreements with these customers.

The primary customers for our aerospace segment are U.S. government agencies or their prime contractors. Our contracts with these customers are subject to several risks, including funding cuts and delays, technical uncertainties, budget changes, competitive activity and changes in scope.

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We face competitive risks from many sources that may negatively impact our profitability.

Competition within the packaging and aerospace industries is intense. Increases in productivity, combined with existing or potential surplus capacity in the industry, have maintained competitive pricing pressures. The principal methods of competition in the general packaging industry are price, service and quality, and in the aerospace industry are technical capability, cost and schedule. Some of our competitors may have greater financial, technical and marketing resources, and some may currently have significant excess capacity. Our current or potential competitors may offer products at a lower price or products that are deemed superior to ours. The global economic environment has resulted in reductions in demand for our products in some instances, which, in turn, could increase these competitive pressures.

We are subject to competition from alternative products, which could result in lower profits and reduced cash flows.

Our metal packaging products are subject to significant competition from substitute products, particularly plastic carbonated soft drink bottles made from PET, single serve beer bottles and other food and beverage containers made of glass, cardboard or other materials. Competition from plastic carbonated soft drink bottles is particularly intense in the U.S., the United Kingdom and the PRC. Certain of our aerospace products are also subject to competition from alternative products and solutions. There can be no assurance that our products will successfully compete against alternative products, which could result in a reduction in our profits or cash flow.

Our packaging businesses have a narrow product range, and our business would suffer if usage of our products decreased.

For the 12 months ended December 31, 2010, 73 percent of our consolidated net sales were from the sale of metal beverage containers, and we expect to derive a significant portion of our future revenues and cash flows from the sale of metal beverage containers. Our business would suffer if the use of metal beverage containers decreased. Accordingly, broad acceptance by consumers of aluminum and steel containers for a wide variety of beverages is critical to our future success. If demand for glass and PET bottles increases relative to metal containers, or the demand for aluminum and steel containers does not develop as expected, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

Changes in laws and governmental regulations may adversely affect our business and operations.

We and our customers and suppliers are subject to various federal, state and provincial laws and regulations. Each of our, and their, plants is subject to federal, state, provincial and local licensing and regulation by health, environmental, workplace safety and other agencies in multiple jurisdictions. Requirements of governmental authorities with respect to manufacturing, manufacturing plant locations within the jurisdiction, product content and safety, climate change, workplace safety and health, environmental, expropriation of assets and other standards could adversely affect our ability to manufacture or sell our products, and the ability of our customers and suppliers to manufacture and sell their products. In addition, we face risks arising from compliance with and enforcement of increasingly numerous and complex federal, state and provincial laws and regulations.

Significant environmental, employment-related and other legislation and regulatory requirements exist and are also evolving. The compliance costs associated with current and proposed laws and potential regulations could be substantial, and any failure or alleged failure to comply with these laws or regulations could lead to litigation or governmental action, all of which could adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations.

Our business, financial condition and results of operations are subject to risks resulting from broader geographic operations.

We derived approximately 32 percent of our consolidated net sales from outside of the U.S. for the year ended December 31, 2010. This sizeable scope of international operations may lead to more volatile financial results and make it more difficult for us to manage our business. Reasons for this include, but are not limited to, the following:

political and economic instability in foreign markets;
foreign governments’ restrictive trade policies;
the imposition of duties, taxes or government royalties;
foreign exchange rate risks;
difficulties in enforcement of contractual obligations and intellectual property rights; and
the geographic, language and cultural differences between personnel in different areas of the world.

Page 8 of 100

 
 

 


Any of these factors, some of which are also present in the U.S., could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

We are exposed to exchange rate fluctuations.

Our reporting currency is the U.S. dollar. Historically, a portion of Ball’s operations, including assets and liabilities and revenues and expenses, have been denominated in various currencies other than the U.S. dollar, and we expect such operations will continue to be so denominated. As a result, the U.S. dollar value of these operations has varied, and will continue to vary, with exchange rate fluctuations. Ball has been, and is presently, primarily exposed to fluctuations in the exchange rate of the euro, British pound, Canadian dollar, Polish zloty, Chinese renminbi and the Brazilian real. We are also exposed, to a lesser extent, to fluctuations in the Argentine peso, Serbian dinar and Czech koruna.

A decrease in the value of any of these currencies compared to the U.S. dollar, could reduce our profits from these operations and the value of their net assets when reported in U.S. dollars in our financial statements. This could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations as reported in U.S. dollars. In addition, fluctuations in currencies relative to currencies in which the earnings are generated may make it more difficult to perform period-to-period comparisons of our reported results of operations.

We manage our exposure to currency fluctuations, particularly our exposure to fluctuations in the euro to U.S. dollar exchange rate, in order to attempt to mitigate the effect of cash flow and earnings volatility associated with exchange rate changes. We primarily use forward contracts and options to manage our currency exposures and, as a result, we experience gains and losses on these derivative positions offset, in part, by the impact of currency fluctuations on existing assets and liabilities. Our inability to properly manage our exposure to currency fluctuations could materially impact our results.

If we fail to retain key management and personnel, we may be unable to implement our key objectives.

We believe that our future success depends, in part, on our experienced management team. Unforeseen losses of key members of our management team without appropriate succession planning could make it difficult for us to manage our business and meet our objectives.

Decreases in our ability to apply new technology and know-how may affect our competitiveness.

Our success depends partially on our ability to improve production processes and services. We must also introduce new products and services to meet changing customer needs. If we are unable to implement better production processes or to develop new products, we may not be able to remain competitive with other manufacturers. As a result, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be adversely affected.

Adverse weather and climate changes may result in lower sales.

We manufacture packaging products primarily for beverages and foods. Unseasonably cool weather can reduce demand for certain beverages packaged in our containers. In addition, poor weather conditions or changes in climate that reduce crop yields of fruits and vegetables can adversely affect demand for our food containers. Climate change could have various effects on the demand for our products in different regions around the world.

We are vulnerable to fluctuations in the supply and price of raw materials.

We purchase aluminum, steel and other raw materials and packaging supplies from several sources. While all such materials are available from independent suppliers, raw materials are subject to fluctuations in price and availability attributable to a number of factors, including general economic conditions, commodity price fluctuations (particularly aluminum on the London Metal Exchange), the demand by other industries for the same raw materials and the availability of complementary and substitute materials. Although we enter into commodities purchase agreements from time to time and sometimes use derivative instruments to seek to manage our risk, we cannot ensure that our current suppliers of raw materials will be able to supply us with sufficient quantities at reasonable prices. Economic and financial factors could impact our suppliers, thereby causing supply shortages. Increases in raw material costs could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. In the Americas, Europe and Asia, some contracts do not allow us to pass along increased raw material costs and we generally use derivative agreements to seek to manage this risk. Our hedging procedures may be insufficient and our results could be materially impacted if costs of materials increase. Due to the fixed price contracts and derivative activities, while increasing raw material costs may not impact our near-term profitability, increased prices could decrease our sales volume over time.

Page 9 of 100

 
 

 


Prolonged work stoppages at plants with union employees could jeopardize our financial position.

As of December 31, 2010, approximately 50 percent of our approximately 4,700 North American packaging plant employees and approximately 85 percent of our European packaging plant employees were covered by collective bargaining agreements. These collective bargaining agreements have staggered expirations during the next several years. Although we consider our employee relations to be generally good, a prolonged work stoppage or strike at any facility with union employees could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. In addition, we cannot ensure that upon the expiration of existing collective bargaining agreements, new agreements will be reached without union action or that any such new agreements will be on terms satisfactory to us.

Our aerospace and technologies segment is subject to certain risks specific to that business, including those outlined below.

In our aerospace business, U.S. government contracts are subject to reduction or modification in the event of changes in requirements or budgetary constraints; and the government may also terminate contracts at its convenience pursuant to standard termination provisions. In such instances, Ball may be entitled to reimbursement for allowable cost and profits on authorized work that has been performed through the date of termination.

Our backlog includes both cost-type and fixed-price contracts. Cost-type contracts generally have lower profit margins than fixed-price contracts. Our earnings and margins may vary depending on the types of government contracts undertaken, the nature of the work performed under those contracts, the costs incurred in performing the work, the achievement of other performance objectives and their impact on our ability to receive fees.

Our business is subject to substantial environmental remediation and compliance costs.

Our operations are subject to federal, state, provincial and local laws and regulations in multiple jurisdictions relating to environmental hazards, such as emissions to air, discharges to water, the handling and disposal of hazardous and solid wastes and the cleanup of hazardous substances. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has designated us, along with numerous other companies, as a potentially responsible party for the cleanup of several hazardous waste sites. Based on available information, we do not believe that any costs incurred in connection with such sites will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, capital expenditures or competitive position. There is increased focus on the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental issues worldwide.

Net earnings and net worth could be materially affected by an impairment of goodwill.

We have a significant amount of goodwill recorded on the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2010. We are required at least annually to test the recoverability of goodwill. The recoverability test of goodwill is based on the current fair value of our identified reporting units. Fair value measurement requires assumptions and estimates of many critical factors, including revenue and market growth, operating cash flows and discount rates. If general market conditions deteriorate in portions of our business, we could experience a significant decline in the fair value of reporting units. This decline could lead to an impairment of all or a significant portion of the goodwill balance, which could materially affect our U.S. GAAP net earnings and net worth.

If the investments in Ball’s pension plans do not perform as expected, we may have to contribute additional amounts to the plans, which would otherwise be available to cover operating expenses and fund growth opportunities.

Ball maintains defined benefit pension plans covering substantially all of its North American and United Kingdom employees, which are funded based on certain actuarial assumptions. The plans’ assets consist primarily of common stocks, fixed income securities and, in the U.S., alternative investments. Market declines, longevity increases or legislative changes, such as the Pension Protection Act in the U.S., could result in a prospective decrease in our available cash flow and net earnings over time, and the recognition of an increase in our pension obligations could result in a reduction to our shareholders’ equity.

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Restricted access to capital markets could adversely affect our short-term liquidity and prevent us from fulfilling our obligations under the notes issued pursuant to our bond indentures.

On December 31, 2010, we had total debt of $2.8 billion and unused committed credit lines of approximately $1 billion. A reduction of financial liquidity could have important consequences, including the following:

restrict our ability to fund working capital, capital expenditures, research and development expenditures and other business activities;
increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions, including the credit risks stemming from the economic environment;
limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our businesses and the industries in which we operate;
restrict us from making strategic acquisitions or exploiting business opportunities; and
limit, along with the financial and other restrictive covenants in our debt, among other things, our ability to borrow additional funds, dispose of assets, pay cash dividends or refinance debt maturities.

In addition, more than one-third of our debt bears interest at variable rates. If market interest rates increase, variable-rate debt will create higher debt service requirements, which would adversely affect our cash flow. While we sometimes enter into agreements limiting our exposure, any such agreements may not offer complete protection from this risk.

Changes in U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) and Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) rules and regulations could materially impact our reported results.

U.S. GAAP and SEC accounting and reporting changes are common and have become more frequent and significant over the past several years. Furthermore, the U.S. and international accounting standard setters are in the process of jointly converging accounting standards. These changes could have significant effects on our reported results when compared to prior periods and other companies and may even require us to retrospectively adjust prior periods. Additionally, material changes to the presentation of transactions in the consolidated financial statements could impact key ratios that analysts and credit rating agencies use to rate Ball. The material changes in net earnings and/or presentation of transactions could impact our credit rating and ultimately our ability to access the credit markets in an efficient manner.

The global credit, financial and economic environment could have a negative impact on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

The global credit, financial and economic environment could have significant negative effects on our operations, including the following:

the creditworthiness of customers, suppliers and counterparties could deteriorate resulting in a financial loss or a disruption in our supply of raw materials;
volatile market performance could affect the fair value of our pension assets, potentially requiring us to make significant additional contributions to our defined benefit plans to maintain prescribed funding levels;
a significant weakening of our financial position or operating results could result in noncompliance with our debt covenants; and
reduced cash flow from our operations could adversely affect our ability to execute our long-term strategy to increase liquidity, reduce debt, repurchase our stock and invest in our businesses.

Item 1B.                      Unresolved Staff Comments

There were no matters required to be reported under this item.

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Item 2.
Properties

The company’s properties described below are well maintained, are considered adequate and are being utilized for their intended purposes.

Ball’s corporate headquarters and the aerospace and technologies segment management offices are located in Broomfield, Colorado. The Colorado-based operations of the aerospace and technologies segment occupy a variety of company-owned and leased facilities in Broomfield, Boulder and Westminster, which together aggregate 1.5 million square feet of office, laboratory, research and development, engineering and test and manufacturing space. Other aerospace and technologies operations carry on business in smaller company-owned and leased facilities in Georgia, New Mexico, Ohio, Virginia and Washington, D.C.

The offices of the company’s various North American packaging operations are located in Westminster, Colorado; the offices for the European packaging operations are located in Ratingen, Germany; the offices for the PRC packaging operations are located in Hong Kong; and Latapack-Ball’s offices are located in São Paolo, Brazil. Also located in Westminster, Colorado, is the Ball Technology and Innovation Center, which serves as a research and development facility for our various North American packaging operations. The European Technical Center, which serves as a research and development facility for the European beverage can manufacturing operations, is located in Bonn, Germany.

Information regarding the approximate size of the manufacturing locations for significant packaging operations, which are owned or leased by the company, is set forth below. Facilities in the process of being constructed or shut down have been excluded from the list. Where certain locations include multiple facilities, the total approximate size for the location is noted. In addition to the facilities listed, the company leases other warehousing space.

   
Approximate
 
   
Floor Space in
 
Plant Location
 
Square Feet
 
       
Metal beverage packaging, Americas and Asia, manufacturing facilities:
     
North America
     
Fairfield, California
    365,000  
Torrance, California
    382,000  
Golden, Colorado
    509,000  
Gainesville, Florida
    88,000  
Tampa, Florida
    238,000  
Rome, Georgia
    386,000  
Kapolei, Hawaii
    132,000  
Monticello, Indiana
    356,000  
Saratoga Springs, New York
    290,000  
Wallkill, New York
    317,000  
Reidsville, North Carolina
    447,000  
Columbus, Ohio
    250,000  
Findlay, Ohio (a)
    733,000  
Whitby, Ontario
    205,000  
Conroe, Texas
    275,000  
Fort Worth, Texas
    322,000  
Bristol, Virginia
    245,000  
Williamsburg, Virginia
    400,000  
Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin
    250,000  
Milwaukee, Wisconsin (including leased warehouse space) (a)
    502,000  
         
South America
       
Jacarei, Brazil
    467,000  
Salvador, Brazil
    99,000  
Tres Rios, Brazil
    418,000  
         
(a)  Includes both metal beverage container and metal food container manufacturing operations.
 

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Approximate
 
   
Floor Space in
 
Plant Location
 
Square Feet
 
       
Metal beverage packaging, Americas and Asia, manufacturing facilities (continued):
     
Asia
     
Beijing, PRC
    303,000  
Hubei (Wuhan), PRC
    237,000  
Sanshui (Foshan), PRC
    564,000  
Shenzhen, PRC
    331,000  
Taicang, PRC (leased)
    81,000  
Tianjin, PRC
    47,000  
         
Metal beverage packaging, Europe, manufacturing facilities:
       
Bierne, France
    263,000  
La Ciotat, France
    393,000  
Braunschweig, Germany
    258,000  
Hassloch, Germany
    283,000  
Hermsdorf, Germany
    425,000  
Weissenthurm, Germany
    331,000  
Oss, Netherlands
    231,000  
Radomsko, Poland
    312,000  
Belgrade, Serbia
    352,000  
Deeside, United Kingdom
    115,000  
Rugby, United Kingdom
    175,000  
Wrexham, United Kingdom
    222,000  
         
Metal food and household products packaging, Americas, manufacturing facilities:
       
North America
       
Springdale, Arkansas
    366,000  
Richmond, British Columbia (leased)
    198,000  
Oakdale, California
    573,000  
Danville, Illinois
    118,000  
Elgin, Illinois (including leased warehouse space)
    637,000  
Baltimore, Maryland (including leased warehouse space)
    241,000  
Columbus, Ohio
    305,000  
Findlay, Ohio (a)
    733,000  
Hubbard, Ohio
    175,000  
Horsham, Pennsylvania
    162,000  
Sherbrooke, Quebec
    99,000  
Chestnut Hill, Tennessee
    347,000  
Verona, Virginia
    73,000  
Weirton, West Virginia (leased)
    332,000  
DeForest, Wisconsin
    400,000  
Milwaukee, Wisconsin (including leased warehouse space) (a)
    502,000  
         
South America
       
Buenos Aires, Argentina (leased)
    34,000  
San Luis, Argentina
    32,000  
         
(a)  Includes both metal beverage container and metal food container manufacturing operations.
 

In addition to the consolidated manufacturing facilities, the company has ownership interests of 50 percent or less in packaging affiliates located primarily in the U.S. and the PRC that own or lease manufacturing facilities in each of those countries.

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Item 3.                    Legal Proceedings

Details of the company’s legal proceedings are included in Note 21 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 4.
(Reserved)

Part II

Item 5.
Market for the Registrant’s Common Stock and Related Stockholder Matters

Ball Corporation common stock (BLL) is traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the Chicago Stock Exchange. There were 5,670 common shareholders of record on February 6, 2011.

Common Stock Repurchases

The following table summarizes the company’s repurchases of its common stock during the quarter ended December 31, 2010.
 

Purchases of Securities
 
               
Total Number
    Maximum  
               
of Shares
   
Number of
 
               
Purchased as
   
Shares that
 
               
Part of
   
May Yet Be
 
               
Publicly
   
Purchased
 
   
Total Number
         
Announced
   
Under the
 
   
of Shares
   
Average Price
   
Plans or
   
Plans or
 
   
Purchased (a)
   
Paid per Share
   
Programs (a)
   
Programs (b)
 
                         
September 27 to October 24, 2010 (c)
    1,092,592     $ 30.45       1,092,592       14,713,160  
October 25 to November 21, 2010 (c)
    4,070,262     $ 32.07       4,070,262       10,642,898  
November 22 to December 31, 2010 (c)
    1,055,576     $ 34.12       1,055,576       9,587,322  
Total
    6,218,430     $ 32.13       6,218,430          
 
(a)
Includes open market purchases (on a trade-date basis), a private purchase and/or shares retained by the company to settle employee withholding tax liabilities.
(b)
The company has an ongoing repurchase program for which shares are authorized from time to time by Ball’s board of directors. On June 15, 2010, Ball’s board of directors authorized the repurchase by the company of up to a total of 24 million shares of its common stock. This repurchase authorization replaced all previous authorizations. On January 26, 2011, the Board authorized the repurchase by the company of up to a total of 20 million shares. This repurchase authorization also replaced all previous authorizations.
(c)
Shares and share prices have been retrospectively adjusted for the two-for-one stock split that was effective on February 15, 2011.

Quarterly Stock Prices and Dividends

Quarterly prices for the company’s common stock, as reported on the New York Stock Exchange composite tape, and quarterly dividends in 2010 and 2009 (on a calendar quarter basis) were:

   
2010
   
2009
 
   
4th
   
3rd
   
2nd
   
1st
   
4th
   
3rd
   
2nd
   
1st
 
   
Quarter
   
Quarter
   
Quarter
   
Quarter
   
Quarter
   
Quarter
   
Quarter
   
Quarter
 
                                                 
High (a)
  $ 34.85     $ 30.24     $ 28.05     $ 27.56     $ 26.23     $ 26.08     $ 22.74     $ 22.22  
Low (a)
    29.36       25.68       23.35       24.72       24.08       22.32       18.65       18.25  
Dividends per share (a)
    0.05       0.05       0.05       0.05       0.05       0.05       0.05       0.05  

(a)
Amounts have been retrospectively adjusted for the two-for-one stock split that was effective on February 15, 2011.

Page 14 of 100

 
 

 


Shareholder Return Performance

The line graph below compares the annual percentage change in Ball Corporation’s cumulative total shareholder return on its common stock with the cumulative total return of the Dow Jones Containers & Packaging Index and the S&P Composite 500 Stock Index for the five-year period ended December 31, 2010. It assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2005, and that all dividends were reinvested. The Dow Jones Containers & Packaging Index total return has been weighted by market capitalization.

Chart
 

Total Return Analysis
                                   
   
12/31/05
   
12/31/06
   
12/31/07
   
12/31/08
   
12/31/09
   
12/31/10
 
Ball Corporation
  $ 100.00     $ 110.86     $ 115.36     $ 107.58     $ 134.96     $ 178.93  
DJ Containers & Packaging Index
  $ 100.00     $ 112.09     $ 119.63     $ 75.00     $ 105.34     $ 123.56  
S&P 500 Index
  $ 100.00     $ 115.80     $ 122.16     $ 76.96     $ 97.33     $ 111.99  
   
Copyright© 2011 Standard & Poor’s, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. All rights reserved. (www.researchdatagroup.com/S&P.htm)
 
   
Copyright© 2011 Dow Jones & Company. All rights reserved.
 


Page 15 of 100

 
 

 

Item 6.                    Selected Financial Data

Five-Year Review of Selected Financial Data
Ball Corporation and Subsidiaries

($ in millions, except per share amounts)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
   
2006
 
                               
Net sales
  $ 7,630.0     $ 6,710.4     $ 6,826.1     $ 6,722.9     $ 5,927.9  
Legal settlement
                      (85.6 )      
Total net sales
  $ 7,630.0     $ 6,710.4     $ 6,826.1     $ 6,637.3     $ 5,927.9  
                                         
Net earnings attributable to Ball Corporation from:
                                       
Continuing operations (a)
  $ 542.9     $ 390.1     $ 314.9     $ 261.6     $ 308.4  
Discontinued operations
    (74.9 )     (2.2 )     4.6       19.7       21.2  
Total net earnings attributable to Ball Corporation
  $ 468.0     $ 387.9     $ 319.5     $ 281.3     $ 329.6  
Return on average common shareholders’ equity
    28.9 %     29.1 %     26.3 %     22.4 %     32.7 %
                                         
Basic earnings per share (b):
                                       
Basic – continuing operations (a)
  $ 3.00     $ 2.08     $ 1.64     $ 1.29     $ 1.49  
Basic – discontinued operations
    (0.41 )     (0.01 )     0.03       0.10       0.10  
Basic earnings per share
  $ 2.59     $ 2.07     $ 1.67     $ 1.39     $ 1.59  
Weighted average common shares outstanding (000s) (b)
    180,746       187,572       191,714       202,372       206,676  
                                         
Diluted earnings per share (b):
                                       
Diluted – continuing operations (a)
  $ 2.96     $ 2.05     $ 1.62     $ 1.27     $ 1.47  
Diluted – discontinued operations
    (0.41 )     (0.01 )     0.03       0.10       0.10  
Diluted earnings per share
  $ 2.55     $ 2.04     $ 1.65     $ 1.37     $ 1.57  
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding (000s) (b)
    183,538       189,978       194,038       205,520       209,902  
                                         
Total assets
  $ 6,927.7     $ 6,488.3     $ 6,368.7     $ 6,020.6     $ 5,840.9  
Total interest bearing debt and capital lease obligations
  $ 2,812.3     $ 2,596.2     $ 2,410.1     $ 2,358.6     $ 2,451.7  
Ball Corporation common shareholders’ equity
  $ 1,518.0     $ 1,581.3     $ 1,085.8     $ 1,342.5     $ 1,165.4  
Market capitalization (c)
  $ 5,857.7     $ 4,860.9     $ 3,898.3     $ 4,510.1     $ 4,540.4  
Net debt to market capitalization (c)
    45.4 %     49.1 %     58.6 %     48.9 %     50.7 %
Cash dividends per share (b)
  $ 0.20     $ 0.20     $ 0.20     $ 0.20     $ 0.20  
Book value per share (b)
  $ 8.82     $ 8.41     $ 5.79     $ 6.70     $ 5.60  
Market value per share (b)
  $ 34.03     $ 25.85     $ 20.80     $ 22.50     $ 21.80  
Annual return (loss) to common shareholders (d)
    32.6 %     25.5 %     (6.7 )%     4.0 %     10.9 %

(a)
Includes business consolidation activities and other items affecting comparability between years. Additional details about the 2010, 2009 and 2008 items are available in Notes 3, 4, and 5 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.
(b)
Amounts have been retrospectively adjusted for the two-for-one stock split that was effective on February 15, 2011.
(c)
Market capitalization is defined as the number of common shares outstanding at year end, multiplied by the year-end closing price of Ball common stock. Net debt is total debt less cash and cash equivalents.
(d)
Change in stock price plus dividends paid, assuming reinvestment of all dividends paid. Information for this calculation is included in the shareholder return performance chart in Item 5 of this report.

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Item 7.                    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Management’s discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in Item 8 of this report, which include additional information about our accounting policies, practices and the transactions underlying our financial results. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes including various claims and contingencies related to lawsuits, taxes, environmental and other matters arising during the normal course of business. We apply our best judgment, our knowledge of existing facts and circumstances and actions that we may undertake in the future in determining the estimates that affect our consolidated financial statements. We evaluate our estimates on an ongoing basis using our historical experience, as well as other factors we believe appropriate under the circumstances, such as current economic conditions, and adjust or revise our estimates as circumstances change. As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results may differ from these estimates. Ball Corporation and its subsidiaries are referred to collectively as “Ball Corporation,” “Ball,” “the company” or “we” or “our” in the following discussion and analysis.

OVERVIEW

Business Overview

Ball Corporation is one of the world’s leading suppliers of metal packaging to the beverage, food and household products industries. Our packaging products are produced for a variety of end uses and are manufactured in plants around the world. We also provide aerospace and other technologies and services to governmental and commercial customers.

We sell our packaging products primarily to major beverage, food and household products companies with which we have developed long-term customer relationships. This is evidenced by our high customer retention and our large number of long-term supply contracts. While we have a diversified customer base, we sell a majority of our packaging products to relatively few major companies in North America, Europe, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Brazil and Argentina, as do our equity joint ventures in the U.S. and the PRC. We also purchase raw materials from relatively few suppliers. Because of our customer and supplier concentration, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected by the loss, insolvency or bankruptcy of a major customer or supplier or a change in a supply agreement with a major customer or supplier, although our contracts and long-term relationships generally mitigate the risk of customer loss. We are also subject to exposure from inflation and the rising costs of raw materials, as well as other inputs into our direct costs. We reduce our risk to these exposures either by fixing our material costs through derivative contracts or by including provisions in our sales contracts to recover the increases from our customers.

Industry Trends and Corporate Strategy

In the rigid packaging industry, sales and earnings can be improved by reducing costs, increasing prices, developing new products, expanding volumes and making strategic acquisitions. Over the past two years, we have closed a number of packaging facilities in support of our ongoing objective of matching our supply with market demand. We have also identified and implemented plans to improve our return on invested capital through the redeployment of assets within our operations. To better realign capacity, we announced in 2010 the closure of our Richmond, British Columbia, plant and decided not to place into operations a plant in Lublin, Poland. In January 2011, we also announced that we will close our Torrance, California, plant and relocate a line from the Torrance plant to our Whitby, Ontario, plant.

As part of our packaging strategy, we are focused on developing and marketing new and existing products that meet the needs of our customers and the ultimate consumer. These innovations include new shapes, sizes, opening features and other functional benefits. This ongoing packaging development activity helps us maintain and expand our supply positions with major beverage, food and household products customers.


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While the North American metal beverage container manufacturing industry is relatively mature, the metal beverage container markets in other parts of the world are growing and are expected to continue to grow in the medium to long term. We have been able to capitalize on growth by adding a plant, as well as additional capacity, in our consolidated Brazilian joint venture and by increasing capacity in some of our European metal beverage container manufacturing facilities by speeding up certain lines and by expansion. In October 2010, we announced that we are expanding production of our lightweight Alumi-Tek® bottle in our Golden, Colorado, facility, and in January 2011, we announced that we will commence specialty can production in our Fort Worth, Texas, plant. In February 2011 we announced plans to construct a new metal beverage container manufacturing plant in northeast Brazil, which is one of the fastest growing regions of the country. The new plant will be located in Alagoinhas and is expected to start up in early 2012. The output from the first line has been contracted under a long-term agreement.
 
In July 2010, we entered the aluminum slug market by acquiring a leading North American manufacturer of aluminum slugs used to make extruded aerosol cans, beverage bottles, aluminum collapsible tubes and technical impact extrusions. To further capitalize on this new product line, in January 2011, we
completed the acquisition of a leading European supplier of aluminum aerosol cans and bottles and the aluminum slugs used to make them.

Ball’s consolidated earnings are exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations and we attempt to mitigate this exposure through the use of derivative financial instruments, as discussed in “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” within Item 7A of this report.

The primary customers for the products and services provided by our aerospace and technologies segment are U.S. government agencies or their prime contractors. Federal budget reductions and priorities, or changes in agency budgets, could limit future funding and new contract awards or delay or prolong contract performance.

We recognize sales under long-term contracts in the aerospace and technologies segment using the cost-to-cost, percentage of completion method of accounting. The 2010 contract mix consisted of approximately two-thirds cost-type contracts, which are billed at our costs plus an agreed upon and/or earned profit component, and approximately 25 percent fixed-price contracts. The remainder represents time and material contracts, which typically provide for the sale of engineering labor at fixed hourly rates. The backlog at December 31, 2010, of $989 million consists of approximately 45 percent fixed price contracts, indicating a trend towards more fixed price business.

Throughout the period of contract performance, we regularly reevaluate and, if necessary, revise our estimates of Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp.’s total contract revenue, total contract cost and progress toward completion. Because of contract payment schedules, limitations on funding and other contract terms, our sales and accounts receivable for this segment include amounts that have been earned but not yet billed.

Management Performance Measures

Management uses various measures to evaluate company performance such as earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT); earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA); diluted earnings per share; cash flow from operating activities; free cash flow (generally defined by the company as cash flow from operating activities less additions to property, plant and equipment); and economic value added (net operating earnings after tax, as defined by the company, less a capital charge on net operating assets employed). These financial measures may be adjusted at times for items that affect comparability between periods such as business consolidation costs and gains or losses on acquisitions and dispositions. Nonfinancial measures in the packaging businesses include production efficiency and spoilage rates; quality control figures; environmental, health and safety statistics; production and sales volumes; asset utilization rates; and measures of sustainability. Additional measures used to evaluate financial performance in the aerospace and technologies segment include contract revenue realization, award and incentive fees realized, proposal win rates and backlog (including awarded, contracted and funded backlog).

We recognize that attracting, developing and retaining highly talented employees are essential to the success of Ball and, because of that, we strive to pay employees competitively and encourage their ownership of the company’s common stock as part of a diversified portfolio. For most management employees, a meaningful portion of compensation is at risk as an incentive, dependent upon economic value added operating performance. For more senior positions, more compensation is at risk through economic value added performance and various long-term cash and stock compensation plans. Through our employee stock purchase plan and 401(k) plan, which matches employee contributions with Ball common stock, employees, regardless of organizational level, have opportunities to own Ball stock.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Consolidated Sales and Earnings

($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Net sales
  $ 7,630.0     $ 6,710.4     $ 6,826.1  
Net earnings from continuing operations
    548.6       390.6       315.3  


During 2010, we increased our investments in the growing Brazilian and PRC markets, initiated the consolidation of our salmon can production capacity, acquired a metal packaging-related business in North America to expand our product portfolio and were awarded significant new contracts in our aerospace business. In January 2011, we completed the acquisition of a metal packaging business in Europe and announced plans to realign capacity in the U.S. and Canada by closing a beverage container manufacturing plant in California, relocating a 12-ounce can production line to a Canadian plant and expanding specialty can production in a Texas plant.

Higher sales in 2010 were due largely to sales associated with current and prior year acquisitions and the consolidation of two joint ventures formerly accounted for as equity investments. The higher net earnings from continuing operations included $105.9 million of gains associated with the fair value on the previous equity investments due to the required purchase accounting.

Effective June 2010, with the announced sale of the company’s plastics packaging, Americas, business, the company has four reportable segments. After aggregating the metal beverage packaging, Americas and Asia, segments based on similar economic and qualitative characteristics, the four reportable segments are: (1) metal beverage packaging, Americas and Asia; (2) metal beverage packaging, Europe; (3) metal food and household products packaging, Americas; and (4) aerospace and technologies. We also have investments in companies in the U.S. and the PRC, which are accounted for using the equity method of accounting and, accordingly, those results are not included in segment sales or earnings.

Business Segment Discussions

Metal Beverage Packaging, Americas and Asia

($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Net sales
  $ 3,848.6     $ 2,888.8     $ 2,989.5  
                         
Segment earnings
  $ 418.3     $ 296.0     $ 284.1  
Business consolidation costs (a)
          (6.8 )     (40.6 )
Total segment earnings
  $ 418.3     $ 289.2     $ 243.5  

(a)  
Further details of these items are included in Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.

The metal beverage packaging, Americas and Asia, segment consists of operations located in the U.S., Canada, Puerto Rico (through fiscal year 2008), Brazil (since August 2010) and the PRC, which manufacture metal container products used in beverage packaging as well as non-beverage plastic containers manufactured and sold in the PRC. Ball’s acquisition of the remaining 65 percent interest in a joint venture metal beverage can and end plant in Sanshui (Foshan), PRC, (JFP) was completed in June 2010. In August 2010, we acquired an additional economic interest in our Brazilian joint venture (Latapack-Ball), and its results since the date of acquisition are consolidated and included in the metal beverage packaging, Americas, segment as of that time. In October 2009, Ball acquired three metal beverage can manufacturing plants and one beverage can end manufacturing plant from Anheuser-Busch InBev n.v./s.a. (AB InBev). The acquisitions are discussed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.

Segment sales in 2010, as compared to 2009, were $959.8 million higher primarily due to the four plants acquired from AB InBev, additional sales associated with JFP and the consolidation of the Latapack-Ball joint venture.

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Segment sales were $100.7 million lower in 2009 than in 2008, primarily as a result of the impact of lower aluminum prices partially offset by an increase in sales volumes. The higher sales volumes in 2009 were the result of incremental volumes from the four plants purchased from AB InBev, partially offset by certain plant closures and lower sales volumes in the existing business.

Segment earnings in 2010 were $122.3 million higher than in 2009 primarily due to a net $85 million impact related to the higher sales volumes and $45 million of product mix and improved manufacturing performance associated with higher production. Also adding to the 2010 improvement was the effect of a $7 million out-of-period inventory charge in 2009. The details of the out-of-period adjustment are included in Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements included within Item 8 of this report.

Segment earnings in 2009 were higher than in 2008 due to $12 million of earnings contribution from the four acquired plants and approximately $21 million of savings associated with plant closures. Partially offsetting these favorable impacts were lower carbonated soft drink and beer can sales volumes (excluding the newly acquired plants) and approximately $25 million related to higher cost inventories in the first half of 2009.

Metal Beverage Packaging, Europe

($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Net sales
  $ 1,697.6     $ 1,739.5     $ 1,868.7  
                         
Segment earnings
  $ 212.9     $ 214.8     $ 230.9  
Business consolidation costs (a)
    (3.2 )            
Total segment earnings
  $ 209.7     $ 214.8     $ 230.9  

(a)  
Further details of these items are included in Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.

The metal beverage packaging, Europe, segment includes metal beverage packaging products manufactured in Europe. Ball Packaging Europe has manufacturing plants located in Germany, the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, Poland and Serbia, and is the second largest metal beverage container business in Europe.

Segment sales in 2010 decreased $41.9 million compared to 2009, primarily due to unfavorable foreign exchange effects of $93 million and price and mix changes, partially offset by higher sales volumes. Segment sales in 2009 as compared to 2008 were $129.2 million lower due to $110 million of unfavorable foreign exchange effects, partially offset by better commercial terms. Sales volumes in 2009 were essentially flat compared to those in the prior year.

Segment earnings in 2010 decreased $1.9 million compared to 2009, primarily the result of a $28 million increase related to higher sales volumes, offset by $18 million of negative effects from foreign currency translation and $12 million of higher inventory and other costs.

While 2009 sales volumes were consistent with the prior year, the adverse effects of foreign currency translation, both within Europe and on the conversion of the euro to the U.S. dollar, reduced segment earnings by $8 million. Also contributing to lower segment earnings were higher cost inventory carried into 2009 and a change in sales mix, partially offset by better commercial terms in some of our contracts.

On January 18, 2011, Ball acquired Aerocan S.A.S. (Aerocan), a leading European supplier of aluminum aerosol cans and bottles, for €222.4 million (approximately $300 million) in cash and assumed debt. Aerocan manufactures extruded aluminum aerosol cans and bottles, and the aluminum slugs used to make them, for customers in the personal care, pharmaceutical, beverage and food industries. It operates three aerosol can manufacturing plants – one each in the Czech Republic, France and the United Kingdom – and is a 51 percent owner of a joint venture aluminum slug plant in France. The four plants employ approximately 560 people. The acquisition of Aerocan will allow Ball to enter a growing part of the metal packaging industry and to broaden the company’s market development efforts into a new customer base.

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Metal Food and Household Products Packaging, Americas

($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Net sales
  $ 1,370.1     $ 1,392.9     $ 1,221.4  
                         
Segment earnings
  $ 129.1     $ 130.8     $ 68.1  
Business consolidation gains (costs) (a)
    18.3       (2.6 )     1.6  
Total segment earnings
  $ 147.4     $ 128.2     $ 69.7  

(a)  
Further details of these items are included in Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.

The metal food and household products packaging, Americas, segment consists of operations located in the U.S., Canada and Argentina that manufacture and sell metal food, aerosol, paint and general line containers, as well as decorative specialty containers and aluminum slugs.

In July 2010, the company acquired Neuman Aluminum (Neuman) for approximately $62 million in cash. Neuman is the leading North American manufacturer of aluminum slugs used to make extruded aerosol cans, beverage bottles, aluminum collapsible tubes and technical impact extrusions and is composed of two plants, one in the U.S. and one in Canada, that employ approximately 180 people.

Segment sales in 2010 declined $22.8 million compared to 2009, largely the result of $88 million of lower commodity prices, partially offset by the sales associated with the Neuman plants.

Segment sales in 2009 increased $171.5 million over 2008 due to higher selling prices driven by higher raw material costs beginning in 2009, which were partially offset by an approximate $20 million decrease in sales volumes caused by the effects of the economic recession and Ball’s decision to not pursue low margin business.

Segment earnings in 2010 decreased $1.7 million compared to 2009 primarily due to $44 million of lower cost inventory carried into 2009 that did not occur in 2010, substantially offset by improved manufacturing and cost performance, favorable product sales mix and the addition of the Neuman plants.

Segment earnings in 2009 were $62.7 million higher than in 2008 due primarily to the increased sales prices mentioned above coupled with $44 million of lower cost inventory carried into 2009 and $22 million of improvements in manufacturing performance, partially offset by the lower sales volumes and a settlement gain of $7 million in 2008 not recurring in 2009.

Aerospace and Technologies

($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Net sales
  $ 713.7     $ 689.2     $ 746.5  
                         
Segment earnings
  $ 69.8     $ 61.4     $ 76.2  
Gain on disposition (a)
                7.1  
Total segment earnings
  $ 69.8     $ 61.4     $ 83.3  

(a)  
Further details of this item are included in Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.

The aerospace and technologies segment consists of the manufacture and sale of aerospace and other related products and the providing of services used primarily in the defense, civil space and commercial space industries.

Segment sales in 2010, as compared to the prior year, increased by $24.5 million primarily due to increased scope on existing programs and new program starts, including WorldView-3 and several large classified programs. These increases were partially offset by the cancellation of the Orion program and the completion of several large programs, including Kepler and WorldView-2. Segment sales in 2009 were 8 percent lower than in 2008, driven by the delivery of several large spacecraft during 2009.

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In addition to WorldView-3, some of the segment’s other high-profile contracts include: the James Webb Space Telescope, a successor to the Hubble Space Telescope; the Joint Polar Satellite System, the next-generation satellite weather monitoring system; the Global Precipitation Measurement-Microwave Imager, which will play an essential role in the Earth’s weather and environmental forecasting; and a number of antennas and sensors for the Joint Strike Fighter.

Segment earnings in 2010 as compared to 2009 increased by $8.4 million due to favorable fixed-price program performance and higher sales, partially offset by the program reductions described above. Segment earnings in 2009 were down $14.8 million compared to 2008, primarily attributable to the winding down of several large programs and overall reduced program activity.

On February 15, 2008, Ball completed the sale of its shares in BSG to QinetiQ Pty Ltd for approximately $10.5 million, including cash sold of $1.8 million. The subsidiary provided services to the Australian department of defense and related government agencies. After an adjustment for working capital items, the sale resulted in a pretax gain of $7.1 million.

Sales to the U.S. government, either directly as a prime contractor or indirectly as a subcontractor, represented 96 percent of segment sales in 2010, 94 percent in 2009 and 91 percent in 2008. Contracted backlog for the aerospace and technologies segment at December 31, 2010 and 2009, was $989 million and $518 million, respectively. The increase in backlog is primarily due to the awards of the WorldView-3 and Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) contracts. Comparisons of backlog are not necessarily indicative of the trend of future operations.

Discontinued Operations – Plastic Packaging, Americas

In August 2010, we completed the sale of our plastics packaging business and received gross proceeds of $280 million. This amount included $15 million of contingent consideration recognized at closing but did not include preliminary closing adjustments totaling $18.5 million paid in the fourth quarter. The sale of our plastics packaging business included five U.S. plants that manufactured polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles and preforms and polypropylene bottles, as well as associated customer contracts and other related assets.

Our plastics business employed approximately 1,000 people and had sales of $635 million in 2009. The manufacturing plants were located in Ames, Iowa; Batavia, Illinois; Bellevue, Ohio; Chino, California; and Delran, New Jersey. The research and development operations were based in Broomfield and Westminster, Colorado.

The following table summarizes the operating results for the discontinued operations for the years ended December 31:

($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Net sales
  $ 318.5     $ 634.9     $ 735.4  
                         
Earnings from operations
  $ 3.5     $ 19.6     $ 18.2  
Gain on sale of business
    8.6              
Loss on asset impairment
    (107.1 )            
Loss on business consolidation activities (a)
    (10.4 )     (23.1 )     (8.3 )
Gain on disposition
          4.3        
Tax benefit (provision)
    30.5       (3.0 )     (5.3 )
Discontinued operations, net of tax
  $ (74.9 )   $ (2.2 )   $ 4.6  

(a)  
Includes net charges recorded to reflect costs associated with the closure of plastics packaging manufacturing plants.

Additional Segment Information

For additional information regarding our segments, see the business segment information in Note 2 accompanying the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report. The charges recorded for business consolidation activities were based on estimates by Ball management and were developed from information available at the time. If actual outcomes vary from the estimates, the differences will be reflected in current period earnings in the consolidated statement of earnings and identified as business consolidation gains and losses. Additional details about our business consolidation activities and associated costs are provided in Note 5 accompanying the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.

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Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses were $356.8 million, $309.0 million and $259.4 million for 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The increase in SG&A expenses in 2010 was primarily due to $26 million of higher employee compensation costs, including incentive compensation and stock-based compensation costs, including mark-to-market adjustments for the company’s deferred compensation stock plans, $15 million of nonrecurring gains in 2009 and $12 million of other higher costs, partially offset by $5 million of lower bad debt expense.

The increases in SG&A expenses in 2009 compared to 2008 were the result of approximately $31 million of higher employee compensation costs, including incentive compensation costs, and higher stock-based compensation costs; $13 million of gains in 2008 not recurring in 2009, including a $7 million claim settlement and $7 million of death benefit insurance proceeds; and $8 million of unfavorable foreign currency exchange impacts. These were offset by net favorable decreased costs of $12 million, including lower receivables securitization fees, legal expenses and research and development costs.

Interest and Taxes

Consolidated interest expense was $158.2 million in 2010, $117.2 million in 2009 and $137.7 million in 2008. Interest expense in 2010 included $8.8 million for the call premium and write off of unamortized financing costs and unamortized issuance premiums related to the redemption of Ball’s senior notes due December 2012, as well as the refinancing of the senior credit facilities in December 2010. The higher expense in 2010 was also due to higher levels of debt, including the issuance of $700 million of senior notes in August 2009 and $500 million of senior notes in November 2010. The lower expense in 2009 was primarily due to lower interest rates on floating rate debt, partially offset by additional interest associated with the issuance of the August 2009 senior notes.

Based on current estimates, the 2011 effective income tax rate is expected to be approximately 31 percent. Ball’s consolidated effective income tax rate for 2010 was 29.0 percent compared to 29.8 percent in 2009 and 32.1 percent in 2008. The tax rate for 2010, as compared to 2009, included the accrual of a net $8 million tax benefit due to a change in the tax status of a foreign investment, a net $11.8 million benefit related to the refinancing of the company’s senior credit facilities and an increased U.S. manufacturing tax benefit, offset by a higher 2010 tax provision for uncertain tax positions and an $8.5 million tax benefit realized in 2009 on the sale of shares in a stock investment resulting from a basis difference.

The lower tax rate in 2009 as compared to 2008 was primarily due to a $4 million net increase in tax benefits as a result of a foreign tax settlement, legislative changes and a release of a valuation allowance for a net operating loss carryforward; an $8.5 million tax benefit from the sale of shares in a stock investment due to a higher tax basis and a favorable change of $11 million in the provision for uncertain tax positions due to tax settlements in several foreign jurisdictions. These benefits were partially offset by an increase due to the change in our earnings mix to higher taxed jurisdictions, lower research and development tax credits and a decrease in the benefit of lower tax rates in foreign tax jurisdictions coupled with increased withholding taxes.

Results of Equity Affiliates

In August 2010, Ball acquired an additional 10.1 percent economic interest in its Brazilian beverage packaging joint venture, Latapack-Ball, increasing the company’s overall economic ownership interest in the joint venture to 60.1 percent. In connection with the acquisition of the additional interest in Latapack-Ball, we recorded a gain of $81.8 million on the fair value of the previously held 50 percent equity ownership as a result of required purchase accounting.

In June 2010, we acquired Jianlibao’s 65 percent interest in a joint venture metal beverage can and end plant in Sanshui (Foshan), PRC. We had owned 35 percent of the joint venture plant since 1992. We acquired the 65 percent interest for $86.9 million in cash (net of cash acquired) and assumed debt, and also entered into a long-term supply agreement with Jianlibao and one of its affiliates. We recorded equity earnings of $24.1 million, which was composed of equity earnings and a gain realized on the fair value of Ball’s previous 35 percent equity investment as a result of required purchase accounting.

CRITICAL AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

For information regarding the company’s critical and significant accounting policies, as well as recent accounting pronouncements, see Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.

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FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Cash Flows and Capital Expenditures

Liquidity

Our primary sources of liquidity are cash provided by operating activities and external committed borrowings. We believe that cash flows from operations and cash provided by short-term and committed revolver borrowings, when necessary, will be sufficient to meet our ongoing operating requirements, scheduled principal and interest payments on debt, dividend payments and anticipated capital expenditures. The following summarizes our cash flows:

($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities, including discontinued operations
  $ 515.2     $ 559.7     $ 627.6  
Cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities, including discontinued operations
    (110.2 )     (581.4 )     (418.0 )
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities
    (459.6 )     100.8       (205.5 )

Cash flows provided by operating activities in 2010 included a use of $250 million related to a change in accounting for our accounts receivable securitization program. At December 31, 2009, the amount of accounts receivable sold under the securitization program was $250 million and, under the previous accounting guidance, this amount was presented in the consolidated balance sheet as a reduction of accounts receivable as a result of the true sale of receivables. However, upon the company’s adoption of new prospective accounting guidance effective January 1, 2010, the amount of accounts receivable sold is not reflected as a reduction of accounts receivable on the balance sheet at December 31, 2010, resulting in a $250 million increase in accounts receivable and a corresponding working capital outflow from operating activities in the statement of cash flows. There were no accounts receivable sold under the securitization program at December 31, 2010.

Excluding the $250 million impact of additional accounts receivable from the change in accounting discussed above, cash flows provided by operations were $765.2 million in 2010 compared to $559.7 million in 2009 and $627.6 million in 2008. The significant improvement in 2010 was primarily due to higher earnings and favorable working capital changes, partially offset by higher pension funding. Lower operating cash flows in 2009 compared to 2008 were the result of working capital increases and higher pension funding and income tax payments during the year, offset by the payment of approximately $70 million to a customer for a legal settlement.

Management Performance Measures

The following financial measurements are on a non-U.S. GAAP basis and should be considered in connection with the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report. Non-U.S. GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation and should not be considered superior to, or a substitute for, financial measures calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP. A presentation of earnings in accordance with U.S. GAAP is available in Item 8 of this report.

Free Cash Flow

Management internally uses a free cash flow measure: (1) to evaluate the company’s operating results, (2) to plan stock buyback levels, (3) to evaluate strategic investments and (4) to evaluate the company’s ability to incur and service debt. Free cash flow is not a defined term under U.S. GAAP, and it should not be inferred that the entire free cash flow amount is available for discretionary expenditures. The company defines free cash flow as cash flow from operating activities less additions to property, plant and equipment (capital spending). Free cash flow is typically derived directly from the company’s cash flow statements; however, it may be adjusted for items that affect comparability between periods.

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Based on the above definition, our consolidated free cash flow is summarized as follows:
 
 
($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Cash flows from operating activities, including discontinued operations
  $ 515.2     $ 559.7     $ 627.6  
Adjust for increase in accounts receivable due to change in accounting for securitization program
    250.0              
Capital spending, including discontinued operations
    (259.4 )     (187.1 )     (306.9 )
Free cash flow
  $ 505.8     $ 372.6     $ 320.7  

Based on information currently available, we estimate cash flows from operating activities for 2011 to be in excess of $900 million, capital spending to be approximately $500 million and free cash flow to be more than $400 million. In 2011 we intend to utilize our operating cash flow to continuing our stock repurchases and funding our capital spending programs.

Adjusted EBIT, Adjusted Net Earnings, Adjusted EBITDA and Ratios

Management internally uses adjusted earnings before interest and taxes (adjusted EBIT), adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (adjusted EBITDA) and adjusted net earnings to evaluate the company’s performance. EBIT, EBITDA and net earnings are typically derived directly from the company’s consolidated statement of earnings; however, they may be adjusted for items that affect comparability between periods.

Based on the above definitions, our calculation of adjusted EBIT is summarized below:

($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), as reported
  $ 764.6     $ 653.8     $ 580.6  
Business consolidation activities
    (11.0 )     21.4       43.8  
Gain on dispositions
          (34.8 )     (7.1 )
Adjusted EBIT
  $ 753.6     $ 640.4     $ 617.3  

Our calculations of adjusted EBITDA, the adjusted EBIT to interest ratio and the net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio are summarized below:

($ in millions, except ratios)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Adjusted EBIT (as calculated above)
  $ 753.6     $ 640.4     $ 617.3  
Add depreciation and amortization
    265.5       243.1       249.9  
Adjusted EBITDA
  $ 1,019.1     $ 883.5     $ 867.2  
                         
Interest expense (excluding debt refinancing costs)
  $ 149.4     $ 117.2     $ 137.7  
                         
Total debt at December 31 (a)
  $ 2,812.3     $ 2,596.2     $ 2,410.1  
Less cash
    (152.0 )     (210.6 )     (127.4 )
Net Debt
  $ 2,660.3     $ 2,385.6     $ 2,282.7  
                         
Adjusted EBIT/Interest coverage
    5.0 x     5.5 x     4.5 x
Net Debt/Adjusted EBITDA
    2.6 x     2.7 x     2.6 x

(a)
Debt amounts at December 31, 2009 and 2008, do not include amounts borrowed under the company’s off-balance sheet accounts receivable securitization program of $250.0 million at each period end.

Page 25 of 100

 
 

 


Our calculation of adjusted net earnings is summarized below:

($ in millions, except per share amounts)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Net earnings attributable to Ball Corporation, as reported
  $ 468.0     $ 387.9     $ 319.5  
Discontinued operations, net of tax
    74.9       2.2       (4.6 )
Business consolidation activities, net of tax
    (9.3 )     13.0       27.1  
Gains and equity earnings related to acquisitions, net of tax
    (105.9 )            
Gain on dispositions, net of tax
          (30.7 )     (4.4 )
Debt refinancing costs, net of tax
    5.3              
Adjusted net earnings
  $ 433.0     $ 372.4     $ 337.6  
                         
Per diluted share from continuing operations, as reported
  $ 2.96     $ 2.05     $ 1.62  
Per diluted share, as adjusted
    2.36       1.96       1.74  
 
Debt Facilities and Refinancing

Interest-bearing debt at December 31, 2010, increased $216.1 million to $2.8 billion from $2.6 billion at December 31, 2009. In December 2010, Ball replaced its senior credit facilities due October 2011 with new senior credit facilities due December 2015. The senior credit facilities bear interest at variable rates and include a $200 million Term A loan denominated in U.S. dollars, a £51 million Term B loan denominated in British sterling and a €100 million Term C loan denominated in euros. The facilities also include (1) a multi-currency, long-term revolving credit facility that provides the company with up to approximately $850 million and (2) a French multi-currency revolving facility that provides the company with up to $150 million. The revolving credit facilities expire in December 2015.

In November 2010, Ball issued $500 million of new 5.75 percent senior notes due in May 2021. The net proceeds from this offering were used to repay the borrowings under our Term D loan facility and for general corporate purposes. In March 2010, Ball issued $500 million of new 6.75 percent senior notes due in September 2020. On that same date, the company issued a notice of redemption to call $509 million in 6.875 percent senior notes due December 2012 at a redemption price of 101.146 percent of the outstanding principal amount plus accrued interest. The redemption of the bonds occurred on April 21, 2010, and resulted in a charge of $8.1 million for the call premium and the write off of unamortized financing costs and unamortized premiums. The charge is included in the 2010 statement of earnings as a component of interest expense.

At December 31, 2010, approximately $976 million was available under the company’s committed multi-currency revolving credit facilities. The company’s PRC operations also had approximately $20 million available under a committed credit facility of approximately $52 million. In addition to the long-term committed credit facilities, the company had $372 million of short-term uncommitted credit facilities available at the end of 2010, of which $76.2 million was outstanding and due on demand, as well as approximately $175 million of available borrowings under its accounts receivable securitization program.

In October 2010, the company renewed its receivables sales agreement for a period of one year. The size of the new program will vary between a maximum of $125 million for settlement dates in January through April and a maximum of $175 million for settlement dates in the remaining months.

Given our free cash flow projections and unused credit facilities that are available until December 2015, our liquidity is strong and is expected to meet our ongoing operating cash flow and debt service requirements. While the recent financial and economic conditions have raised concerns about credit risk with counterparties to derivative transactions, the company mitigates its exposure by spreading the risk among various counterparties and limiting exposure to any one party. We also monitor the credit ratings of our suppliers, customers, lenders and counterparties on a regular basis.

We were in compliance with all loan agreements at December 31, 2010, and all prior years presented, and have met all debt payment obligations. The U.S. note agreements, bank credit agreement and industrial development revenue bond agreements contain certain restrictions relating to dividends, investments, financial ratios, guarantees and the incurrence of additional indebtedness. Additional details about our debt and receivables sales agreements are available in Notes 12 and 6, respectively, accompanying the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.

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Other Liquidity Items

Cash payments required for long-term debt maturities, rental payments under noncancellable operating leases, purchase obligations and other commitments in effect at December 31, 2010, are summarized in the following table:

   
Payments Due By Period (a)
 
 
($ in millions)
 
Total
   
Less than
1 Year
   
1-3 Years
   
3-5 Years
   
More than
5 Years
 
                               
Long-term debt, including capital leases
  $ 2,750.1     $ 34.5     $ 188.3     $ 367.1     $ 2,160.2  
Interest payments on long-term debt (b)
    1,267.5       160.5       316.4       304.2       486.4  
Operating leases
    93.2       31.1       37.1       16.6       8.4  
Purchase obligations (c)
    6,586.9       2,709.5       3,779.4       98.0        
Total payments on contractual obligations
  $ 10,697.7     $ 2,935.6     $ 4,321.2     $ 785.9     $ 2,655.0  

(a)
Amounts reported in local currencies have been translated at the year-end 2010 exchange rates.
(b)
For variable rate facilities, amounts are based on interest rates in effect at year end and do not contemplate the effects of hedging instruments.
(c)
The company’s purchase obligations include contracted amounts for aluminum, steel and other direct materials. Also included are commitments for purchases of natural gas and electricity, aerospace and technologies contracts and other less significant items. In cases where variable prices and/or usage are involved, management’s best estimates have been used. Depending on the circumstances, early termination of the contracts may or may not result in penalties and, therefore, actual payments could vary significantly.

The table above does not include $60.1 million of uncertain tax positions, the timing of which is uncertain.

Contributions to the company’s defined benefit pension plans, not including the unfunded German plans, are expected to be in the range of $30 million in 2011. This estimate may change based on changes in the Pension Protection Act and actual plan asset performance, among other factors. Benefit payments related to these plans are expected to be $71.4 million, $74.0 million, $77.1 million, $80.3 million and $84.9 million for the years ending December 31, 2011 through 2015, respectively, and a total of $483.1 million for the years 2016 through 2020. Payments to participants in the unfunded German plans are expected to be between $21.8 million (€16.5 million) to $23.2 million (€17.5 million) in each of the years 2011 through 2015 and a total of $102.7 million (€77.5 million) for the years 2016 through 2020.

For the U.S. pension plans in 2011, we changed our return on asset assumption to 8.00 percent (from 8.25 percent in 2010) and our discount rate assumption to an average of 5.55 percent (from 6.00 percent in 2010). Based on the changes in assumptions, pension expense in 2011 is anticipated to be relatively flat compared to 2010. A reduction of the expected return on pension assets assumption by a quarter of a percentage point would result in an estimated $2.9 million increase in the 2011 global pension expense, while a quarter of a percentage point reduction in the discount rate applied to the pension liability would result in an estimated $3.5 million of additional pension expense in 2011. Additional information regarding the company’s pension plans is provided in Note 14 accompanying the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this report.

Annual cash dividends paid on common stock were 20 cents per share in 2010, 2009 and 2008. Total dividends paid were $35.8 million in 2010, $37.4 million in 2009 and $37.5 million in 2008. On January 26, 2011, the company’s board of directors approved an increase in the quarterly dividends to 7 cents per share.

Share Repurchases

Our share repurchases, net of issuances, totaled $506.7 million in 2010, $5.1 million in 2009 and $299.6 million in 2008. On November 2, 2010, we acquired 2,775,408 shares of our publicly held common stock in a private transaction for $88.8 million. On February 17, 2010, we entered into an accelerated share repurchase agreement to buy $125.0 million of our common shares using cash on hand and available borrowings. We advanced the $125.0 million on February 22, 2010, and received 4,323,598 shares, which represented 90 percent of the total shares as calculated using the previous day’s closing price. The agreement was settled on May 20, 2010, and the company received an additional 398,206 shares.

Net repurchases in 2008 included a $31 million settlement on January 7, 2008, of a forward contract entered into in December 2007 for the repurchase of 1,350,000 shares.

From January 1 through February 24, 2011, Ball repurchased an additional $143.3 million of its common stock.

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Contingencies

The company is subject to routine litigation incident to operating its businesses. Additionally, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has designated Ball as a potentially responsible party, along with numerous other companies, for the cleanup of several hazardous waste sites. The company’s information indicates that the matters identified will not have a material adverse effect upon the liquidity, results of operations or financial condition of the company. Details of the company’s legal proceedings are included in Note 21 to the consolidated financial statements within Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Forward-Looking Statements

The company has made or implied certain forward-looking statements in this report which are made as of the end of the time frame covered by this report. These forward-looking statements represent the company’s goals, and results could vary materially from those expressed or implied. From time to time we also provide oral or written forward-looking statements in other materials we release to the public. As time passes, the relevance and accuracy of forward-looking statements may change. Some factors that could cause the company’s actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: fluctuation in customer and consumer growth, demand and preferences; loss of one or more major customers or changes to contracts with one or more customers; insufficient production capacity; changes in senior management; the current global recession and its effects on liquidity, credit risk, asset values and the economy; overcapacity in foreign and domestic metal container industry production facilities and its impact on pricing; failure to achieve anticipated productivity improvements or production cost reductions, including those associated with capital expenditures; changes in climate and weather; fruit, vegetable and fishing yields; power and natural resource costs; difficulty in obtaining supplies and energy, such as gas and electric power; availability and cost of raw materials, as well as the increases in steel, aluminum and energy costs, and the ability or inability to include or pass on to customers changes in raw material costs; changes in the pricing of the company’s products and services; competition in pricing and the possible decrease in, or loss of, sales resulting therefrom; insufficient or reduced cash flow; the number and timing of the purchases of the company’s common shares; the effects of other restrictive packaging legislation, such as recycling laws; interest rates affecting our debt; labor strikes; increases and trends in various employee benefits and labor costs, including pension, medical and health care costs; rates of return projected and earned on assets and discount rates used to measure future obligations and expenses of the company’s defined benefit retirement plans; antitrust, intellectual property, consumer and other litigation; maintenance and capital expenditures; goodwill impairment; changes in generally accepted accounting principles or their interpretation; the authorization, funding, availability and returns of contracts for the aerospace and technologies segment and the nature and continuation of those contracts and related services provided thereunder; delays, extensions and technical uncertainties, as well as schedules of performance associated with such segment contracts; international business and market risks, such as the devaluation or revaluation of certain currencies; international business risks (including foreign exchange rates) in Europe and particularly in developing countries such as the PRC and Brazil; changes in the foreign exchange rates of the U.S. dollar against the euro, British pound, Polish zloty, Serbian dinar, Hong Kong dollar, Canadian dollar, Chinese renminbi, Brazilian real, Argentine peso and Czech koruna, and in the foreign exchange rate of the euro against the British pound, Polish zloty and Serbian dinar; terrorist activity or war that disrupts the company’s production or supply; regulatory action or laws affecting the company or its customers or suppliers, or any of their respective products, including tax, environmental, health and workplace safety, including in respect of climate change, or chemicals or substances used in raw materials or in the manufacturing process, particularly publicity concerning Bisphenol-A, or BPA, a chemical used in the manufacture of epoxy coatings applied to many types of containers (including certain of those produced by the company); technological developments and innovations; successful or unsuccessful acquisitions, joint ventures or divestitures and the integration activities associated therewith, including the recent disposition of our plastics business and the recent Neuman Aluminum acquisition; changes to unaudited results due to statutory audits of our financial statements or management’s evaluation of the company’s internal control over financial reporting; and loss contingencies related to income and other tax matters, including those arising from audits performed by U.S. and foreign tax authorities. If the company is unable to achieve its goals, then the company’s actual performance could vary materially from those goals expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. The company currently does not intend to publicly update forward-looking statements except as it deems necessary in quarterly or annual earnings reports. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K reports to the SEC.

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Item 7A.                      Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Financial Instruments and Risk Management

In the ordinary course of business, we employ established risk management policies and procedures, which seek to reduce our exposure to fluctuations in commodity prices, interest rates, foreign currencies and prices of the company’s common stock in respect of common share repurchases, although there can be no assurance that these policies and procedures will be successful. Although the instruments utilized involve varying degrees of credit, market and interest risk, the counterparties to the agreements are expected to perform fully under the terms of the agreements. The company monitors counterparty credit risk, including that of its lenders, on a regular basis, but we cannot be certain that all risks will be discerned or that our risk management policies and procedures will always be effective.

We have estimated our market risk exposure using sensitivity analysis. Market risk exposure has been defined as the changes in fair value of derivative instruments, financial instruments and commodity positions. To test the sensitivity of our market risk exposure, we have estimated the changes in fair value of market risk sensitive instruments assuming a hypothetical 10 percent adverse change in market prices or rates. The results of the sensitivity analyses are summarized below.

Commodity Price Risk

We manage our commodity price risk in the Americas in connection with market price fluctuations of aluminum ingot primarily by entering into container sales contracts that include aluminum ingot-based pricing terms that generally reflect price fluctuations under our commercial supply contracts for aluminum purchases. The terms include fixed, floating or pass-through aluminum ingot component pricing. This matched pricing affects most of our aluminum packaging-related net sales in the Americas. We also, at times, use certain derivative instruments such as option and forward contracts as cash flow hedges of commodity price risk where there is not a pass-through arrangement in the sales contract to match underlying purchase volumes and pricing with sales volumes and pricing.

In Europe and the PRC, the company manages the aluminum and steel raw material commodity price risks through annual and long-term contracts for the purchase of the materials, as well as certain sales contracts that reduce the company’s exposure to fluctuations in commodity prices within the current year. These contracts include fixed price, floating and/or pass-through pricing arrangements. We also use forward and option contracts as cash flow hedges to manage future aluminum price risk and foreign exchange exposures to match underlying purchase volumes and pricing with sales volumes and pricing for those sales contracts where there is not a pass-through arrangement to minimize the company’s exposure to significant price changes.

Most metal food and household products packaging, Americas, steel packaging-related sales contracts either include provisions permitting us to pass through some or all steel cost changes we incur, or they incorporate annually negotiated steel costs. In 2010 and in 2009, we were able to pass through to our customers the majority of the steel cost increases. We anticipate at this time that we will be able to pass through the majority of the steel price increases that may occur in 2011.

Considering the effects of derivative instruments, the company’s ability to pass through certain raw material costs through contractual provisions, the market’s ability to accept price increases and the company’s commodity price exposures under its contract terms, a hypothetical 10 percent adverse change in the company’s steel and aluminum prices could result in an estimated $2.7 million after-tax reduction in net earnings over a one-year period. Additionally, the company has foreign currency exposures on raw materials, and the effect of a 10 percent adverse change is included in the total foreign currency exposure discussed below. Actual results may vary based on actual changes in market prices and rates.

The company is also exposed to fluctuations in prices for natural gas and electricity, as well as the cost of diesel fuel as a component of freight cost. A hypothetical 10 percent increase in our natural gas and electricity prices could result in an estimated $5.2 million after-tax reduction of net earnings over a one-year period. A hypothetical 10 percent increase in diesel fuel prices could result in an estimated $0.7 million after-tax reduction of net earnings over the same period. Actual results may vary based on actual changes in market prices and rates.

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Interest Rate Risk

Our objective in managing our exposure to interest rate changes is to minimize the impact of such changes on earnings and cash flows and to lower our overall borrowing costs. To achieve these objectives, we may use a variety of interest rate swaps, collars and options to manage our mix of floating and fixed-rate debt. Interest rate instruments held by the company at December 31, 2010, included pay-fixed interest rate swaps, which effectively convert variable rate obligations to fixed rate instruments.

Based on our interest rate exposure at December 31, 2010, assumed floating rate debt levels throughout the next 12 months and the effects of derivative instruments, a 100-basis point increase in interest rates could result in an estimated $4.5 million after-tax reduction in net earnings over a one-year period. Actual results may vary based on actual changes in market prices and rates and the timing of these changes.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

Our objective in managing exposure to foreign currency fluctuations is to protect foreign cash flows and earnings from changes associated with foreign currency exchange rate changes through the use of various derivative contracts. In addition, at times we manage foreign earnings translation volatility through the use of various foreign currency option strategies, and the change in the fair value of those options is recorded in the company’s earnings. Our foreign currency translation risk results from the euro, British pound, Canadian dollar, Polish zloty, Chinese renminbi, Hong Kong dollar, Brazilian real, Argentine peso, Serbian dinar and Czech koruna. We face currency exposures in our global operations as a result of purchasing raw materials in U.S. dollars and, to a lesser extent, in other currencies. Sales contracts are negotiated with customers to reflect cost changes and, where there is not a foreign exchange pass-through arrangement, the company uses forward and option contracts to manage foreign currency exposures. We additionally use various option strategies to manage the earnings translation of the company’s European operations into U.S. dollars.

Considering the company’s derivative financial instruments outstanding at December 31, 2010, and the currency exposures, a hypothetical 10 percent reduction (U.S. dollar strengthening) in foreign currency exchange rates compared to the U.S. dollar could result in an estimated $27.3 million after-tax reduction in net earnings over a one-year period. This hypothetical adverse change in foreign currency exchange rates would also reduce our forecasted average debt balance by $24.3 million. Actual changes in market prices or rates may differ from hypothetical changes.

Equity Price Risk

The company’s deferred compensation stock program is subject to variable accounting and, accordingly, is marked to market using the company’s closing stock price at the end of a reporting period. Based on current share levels in the program, each $1 change in the company’s stock price has an effect of $1.7 million on pretax earnings.


Page 30 of 100

 
 

 


Item 8.                      Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Ball Corporation:

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the index appearing under 15(a)(1) present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Ball Corporation and its subsidiaries at December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed the manner in which it accounts for securitizations in 2010.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, management has excluded the operations of Latapack-Ball Embalagens Ltda., Guangdong Jianlibao Group Co., Ltd and Neuman Aluminum from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010 because they were acquired by the Company in purchase business combinations in 2010. We have also excluded the acquired operations from our audit of internal control over financial reporting. The acquired operations are consolidated subsidiaries of the Company whose combined assets and combined net sales represented 9 percent and 3 percent, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Denver, Colorado
February 28, 2011


Page 31 of 100

 
 

 

Consolidated Statements of Earnings
Ball Corporation and Subsidiaries

   
Years ended December 31,
 
($ in millions, except per share amounts)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Net sales
  $ 7,630.0     $ 6,710.4     $ 6,826.1  
                         
Costs and expenses
                       
Cost of sales (excluding depreciation)
    6,254.1       5,517.9       5,699.5  
Depreciation and amortization (Notes 2, 8 and 10)
    265.5       243.1       249.9  
Selling, general and administrative
    356.8       309.0       259.4  
Business consolidation and other activities (Note 5)
    (11.0 )     21.4       43.8  
Gain on dispositions (Note 4)
          (34.8 )     (7.1 )
      6,865.4       6,056.6       6,245.5  
                         
Earnings before interest and taxes
    764.6       653.8       580.6  
                         
Interest expense (Note 12)
    (149.4 )     (117.2 )     (137.7 )
Debt refinancing costs (Note 12)
    (8.8 )            
Total interest expense
    (158.2 )     (117.2 )     (137.7 )
                         
Earnings before taxes
    606.4       536.6       442.9  
Tax provision (Note 13)
    (175.8 )     (159.8 )     (142.1 )
Equity in results of affiliates (Note 3)
    118.0       13.8       14.5  
Net earnings from continuing operations
    548.6       390.6       315.3  
Discontinued operations, net of tax (Note 4)
    (74.9 )     (2.2 )     4.6  
                         
Net earnings
    473.7       388.4       319.9  
Less net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
    (5.7 )     (0.5 )     (0.4 )
                         
Net earnings attributable to Ball Corporation
  $ 468.0     $ 387.9     $ 319.5  
                         
                         
Amounts attributable to Ball Corporation:
                       
Continuing operations
  $ 542.9     $ 390.1     $ 314.9  
Discontinued operations
    (74.9 )     (2.2 )     4.6  
Net earnings
  $ 468.0     $ 387.9     $ 319.5  
                         
                         
Earnings per share (Note 17) (a):
                       
Basic – continuing operations
  $ 3.00     $ 2.08     $ 1.64  
Basic – discontinued operations
    (0.41 )     (0.01 )     0.03  
Total basic earnings per share
  $ 2.59     $ 2.07     $ 1.67  
                         
Diluted – continuing operations
  $ 2.96     $ 2.05     $ 1.62  
Diluted – discontinued operations
    (0.41 )     (0.01 )     0.03  
Total diluted earnings per share
  $ 2.55     $ 2.04     $ 1.65  
                         
Weighted average shares outstanding (000s) (Note 17) (a):
                       
Basic
    180,746       187,572       191,714  
Diluted
    183,538       189,978       194,038  
                         
Cash dividends declared and paid, per share
  $ 0.20     $ 0.20     $ 0.20  

 (a)
Amounts have been retrospectively adjusted for the two-for-one stock split that was effective on February 15, 2011.


 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

Page 32 of 100

 
 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets
Ball Corporation and Subsidiaries

   
December 31,
 
($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
 
             
Assets
           
Current assets
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 152.0     $ 210.6  
Receivables, net (Note 6)
    849.7       534.9  
Inventories, net (Note 7)
    1,083.9       881.2  
Current derivative contracts (Note 18)
    102.6       100.1  
Deferred taxes and other current assets (Note 13)
    117.5       119.1  
Assets held for sale (Note 4)
          416.3  
Total current assets
    2,305.7       2,262.2  
                 
Property, plant and equipment, net (Note 8)
    2,048.2       1,751.5  
Goodwill (Notes 3 and 9)
    2,105.3       2,008.3  
Noncurrent derivative contracts (Note 18)
    50.9       80.6  
Intangibles and other assets, net (Notes 10 and 13)
    417.6       385.7  
Total Assets
  $ 6,927.7     $ 6,488.3  
                 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
               
Current liabilities
               
Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt (Note 12)
  $ 110.7     $ 312.3  
Accounts payable
    700.3       581.8  
Accrued employee costs
    258.2       212.0  
Current derivative contracts (Note 18)
    59.3       83.2  
Other current liabilities
    254.8       187.8  
Liabilities held for sale (Note 4)
          53.1  
Total current liabilities
    1,383.3       1,430.2  
                 
Long-term debt (Note 12)
    2,701.6       2,283.9  
Employee benefit obligations (Note 14)
    963.3       1,013.2  
Noncurrent derivative contracts (Note 18)
    2.6       48.0  
Deferred taxes and other liabilities (Note 13)
    218.8       130.0  
Total liabilities
    5,269.6       4,905.3  
                 
Contingencies (Note 21)
               
                 
Shareholders’ equity (Note 15)
               
Common stock (325,423,462 shares issued – 2010; 323,026,548 shares issued – 2009) (a)
    893.4       830.8  
Retained earnings
    2,829.8       2,397.1  
Accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss)
    (82.1 )     (63.8 )
Treasury stock, at cost (153,265,070 shares – 2010; 134,985,410 shares – 2009) (a)
    (2,123.1 )     (1,582.8 )
Total Ball Corporation shareholders’ equity
    1,518.0       1,581.3  
Noncontrolling interests
    140.1       1.7  
Total shareholders’ equity
    1,658.1       1,583.0  
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
  $ 6,927.7     $ 6,488.3  
 
(a)
Shares have been retrospectively adjusted for the two-for-one stock split that was effective on February 15, 2011.


 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

Page 33 of 100

 
 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Ball Corporation and Subsidiaries

   
Years ended December 31,
 
($ in millions)
 
2010
   
2009
   
2008
 
                   
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
                 
Net earnings
  $ 473.7     $ 388.4     $ 319.9  
Discontinued operations, net of tax
    74.9       2.2       (4.6 )
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash provided by operating activities:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
    265.5       243.1       249.9  
Equity earnings and gains related to acquisitions (Note 3)
    (118.0 )     (13.8 )     (14.5 )
Gain on dispositions (Note 4)
          (34.8 )     (7.1 )
Legal settlement (Note 3)
                (70.3 )
Business consolidation and other activities, net of cash payments (Note 5)
    (12.5 )     6.1       43.6  
Deferred taxes
    (28.7 )     (24.3 )     19.6  
Other, net
    77.7       29.5       39.7  
Working capital changes, excluding effects of acquisitions:
                       
Receivables
    (287.0 )     33.8       16.0  
Inventories
    (153.1 )     74.8       (14.3 )
Other current assets
    49.2       54.7       (111.9 )
Accounts payable
    68.8       (150.0 )     28.4  
Accrued employee costs
    39.6       (17.1 )     (16.8 )
Other current liabilities
    7.1       (132.8 )     59.4  
Other, net
    43.1       18.2       (0.4 )
Cash provided by (used in) continuing operating activities
    500.3       478.0       536.6  
Cash provided by (used in) discontinued operating activities
    14.9       81.7       91.0  
Total cash provided by (used in) operating activities
    515.2       559.7       627.6  
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
                       
Additions to property, plant and equipment
    (250.2 )     (157.9 )     (285.0 )
Cash collateral, net (Note 18)
    0.1       105.3       (105.5 )
Acquisitions of equity affiliates (Note 3)
    (63.8 )            
Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired (Note 3)
    (62.0 )     (574.7 )     (2.3 )
Proceeds from dispositions, net of cash sold (Note 4)
    261.5       37.0       8.7  
Other, net
    13.4       2.4       (12.0 )
Cash provided by (used in) continuing investing activities
    (101.0 )     (587.9 )     (396.1 )
Cash provided by (used in) discontinued investing activities
    (9.2 )     6.5       (21.9 )
Total cash provided by (used in) investing activities
    (110.2 )     (581.4 )     (418.0 )
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
                       
Long-term borrowings
    2,231.6       1,336.7       753.7  
Repayments of long-term borrowings
    (2,144.9 )     (1,096.8 )     (734.5 )
Change in short-term borrowings
    15.1       (92.0 )     108.1  
Proceeds from issuances of common stock
    47.5       31.9       27.2  
Acquisitions of treasury stock
    (554.2 )     (37.0 )     (326.8 )