CGNX-7.5.2015-10Q

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 
FORM 10-Q 
(Mark One)
[ X ]
Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the quarterly period ended July 5, 2015 or
          
[    ]
Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the transition period from __________ to __________
            
Commission File Number 001-34218
COGNEX CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Massachusetts
 
04-2713778
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

One Vision Drive
Natick, Massachusetts 01760-2059
(508) 650-3000
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of principal executive offices)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  
 
 
Yes
X
 
  
 
 
No
  
 
  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    
 
 
Yes
X
 
  
 
 
No
  
 
  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
X
  
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
  
Smaller reporting company
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    
 
 
Yes
 
 
  
 
 
No
X
 
  
 
As of July 5, 2015, there were 87,102,221 shares of Common Stock, $.002 par value per share, of the registrant outstanding.
 



INDEX
 
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2




COGNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
Three-months Ended
 
Six-months Ended
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
143,829

 
$
92,276

 
$
245,202

 
$
173,592

Cost of revenue
30,508

 
18,190

 
52,852

 
34,743

Gross margin
113,321

 
74,086

 
192,350

 
138,849

Research, development, and engineering expenses
18,302

 
12,524

 
35,288

 
24,093

Selling, general, and administrative expenses
43,241

 
35,538

 
83,174

 
67,330

Operating income
51,778

 
26,024

 
73,888

 
47,426

Foreign currency gain (loss)
(39
)
 
(74
)
 
620

 
(184
)
Investment income
957

 
801

 
1,807

 
1,588

Other expense
(55
)
 
(75
)
 
(365
)
 
(348
)
Income from continuing operations before income tax expense
52,641

 
26,676

 
75,950

 
48,482

Income tax expense on continuing operations
9,125

 
4,001

 
12,962

 
7,991

Income from continuing operations
43,516

 
22,675

 
62,988

 
40,491

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax (Note 16)
198

 
3,273

 
1,228

 
3,963

Net income
$
43,714

 
$
25,948

 
$
64,216

 
$
44,454

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per weighted-average common and common-equivalent share:
Income from continuing operations
$
0.50

 
$
0.26

 
$
0.72

 
$
0.47

Income from discontinued operations
$

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.04

Net income
$
0.50

 
$
0.30

 
$
0.74

 
$
0.51

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per weighted-average common and common-equivalent share:
Income from continuing operations
$
0.49

 
$
0.25

 
$
0.71

 
$
0.45

Income from discontinued operations
$

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.05

Net income
$
0.49

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.72

 
$
0.50

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common and common-equivalent shares outstanding:
Basic
87,199

 
86,782

 
86,977

 
86,830

Diluted
89,185

 
88,965

 
88,951

 
89,112

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends per common share
$
0.07

 
$

 
$
0.07

 
$











 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3



COGNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
 
 
Three-months Ended
 
Six-months Ended
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Net income
$
43,714

 
$
25,948

 
$
64,216

 
$
44,454

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in net unrealized gain (loss), net of tax of $48 and $10 in the three-month periods and net of tax of $(25) and ($6) in the six-month periods, respectively
237

 
(36
)
 
(283
)
 
(235
)
Reclassification of net realized loss into current operations
69

 
24

 
179

 
57

Net change related to cash flow hedges
306

 
(12
)
 
(104
)
 
(178
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available-for-sale investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in net unrealized gain (loss), net of tax of ($128) and $69 in the three-month periods and net of tax of $6 and $182 in the six-month periods, respectively
(333
)
 
542

 
566

 
1,561

Reclassification of net realized gain into current operations
(192
)
 
(105
)
 
(221
)
 
(606
)
Net change related to available-for-sale investments
(525
)
 
437

 
345

 
955

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in currency translation adjustments, net of tax of $107 and $53 in the three-month periods and net of tax of ($529) and $60 in the six-month periods, respectively
2,450

 
(544
)
 
(8,240
)
 
(99
)
Net change related to foreign currency translation adjustments
2,450

 
(544
)
 
(8,240
)
 
(99
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
2,231

 
(119
)
 
(7,999
)
 
678

Total comprehensive income
$
45,945

 
$
25,829

 
$
56,217

 
$
45,132










The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4



COGNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
 
 
July 5, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
61,691

 
$
55,694

Short-term investments
223,464

 
90,456

Accounts receivable, less reserves of $752 and $820 in 2015 and 2014, respectively
44,728

 
40,053

Unbilled revenue
51,648

 

Inventories
39,400

 
29,223

Deferred income taxes
9,248

 
8,985

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
20,997

 
17,686

Held for sale assets (Note 16)
38,927

 
29,814

Total current assets
490,103

 
271,911

Long-term investments
233,752

 
400,845

Property, plant, and equipment, net
49,905

 
45,963

Deferred income taxes
16,649

 
14,452

Intangible assets, net
7,653

 
9,670

Goodwill
77,388

 
77,388

Other assets
2,756

 
1,505

 
$
878,206

 
$
821,734

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
15,202

 
$
17,223

Accrued expenses
31,276

 
35,614

Accrued income taxes
397

 
1,048

Deferred revenue
18,994

 
14,598

Held for sale liabilities (Note 16)
14,598

 
12,191

Total current liabilities
80,467

 
80,674

Reserve for income taxes
4,603

 
4,623

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)

 

Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $.002 par value –
Authorized: 140,000 shares, issued and outstanding: 87,102 and 86,542 shares in 2015 and 2014, respectively
174

 
173

Additional paid-in capital
294,155

 
251,717

Retained earnings
546,205

 
523,946

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(47,398
)
 
(39,399
)
Total shareholders’ equity
793,136

 
736,437

 
$
878,206

 
$
821,734

 



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5



COGNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)

 
Six-months Ended
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
(unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
64,216

 
$
44,454

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Stock-based compensation expense
11,577

 
7,960

Depreciation of property, plant, and equipment
4,816

 
4,051

Amortization of intangible assets
2,183

 
1,830

Amortization of discounts or premiums on investments
377

 
1,284

Realized gain on sale of investments
(221
)
 
(606
)
Tax effect of stock option exercises
(9,358
)
 
(3,481
)
Change in deferred income taxes
(2,010
)
 
(1,507
)
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(5,387
)
 
(16,952
)
Unbilled revenue
(52,697
)
 
(587
)
Inventories
(11,200
)
 
(5,150
)
Deferred costs
344

 
(16,189
)
Deferred revenue
8,485

 
10,516

Accrued income taxes
8,719

 
2,777

Accrued expenses
(3,887
)
 
(1,537
)
Other
(7,312
)
 
4,845

Net cash provided by operating activities
8,645

 
31,708

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 

6



Purchases of investments
(222,834
)
 
(189,746
)
Maturities and sales of investments
252,768

 
177,280

Cash paid for purchased technology
(10,475
)
 

Purchases of property, plant, and equipment
(9,525
)
 
(5,341
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
9,934

 
(17,807
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Issuance of common stock under stock option plans
21,457

 
9,026

Repurchase of common stock
(35,848
)
 
(27,004
)
Payment of dividends
(6,110
)
 

Tax effect of stock option exercises
9,358

 
3,481

Net cash used in financing activities
(11,143
)
 
(14,497
)
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(1,439
)
 
124

Net change in cash and cash equivalents
5,997

 
(472
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
55,694

 
40,644

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
61,691

 
$
40,172

 
 
 
 
Noncash items related to discontinued operations:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization expense
$
566

 
$
576

Capital expenditures
482

 
261

Stock-based compensation expense
427

 
555

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

7



COGNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands)
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
 
Retained
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
 
Total
Shareholders’
 
Shares
 
Par Value
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Loss
 
Equity
Balance as of December 31, 2014
86,542

 
$
173

 
$
251,717

 
$
523,946

 
$
(39,399
)
 
$
736,437

Issuance of common stock under stock plans
1,280

 
2

 
21,455

 
 
 
 
 
21,457

Repurchase of common stock
(720
)
 
(1
)
 
 
 
(35,847
)
 
 
 
(35,848
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
 
11,577

 
 
 
 
 
11,577

Excess tax benefit from stock option exercises
 
 
 
 
9,358

 
 
 
 
 
9,358

Tax benefit for research and development credits as a result of stock options
 
 
 
 
48

 
 
 
 
 
48

Payment of dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
(6,110
)
 
 
 
(6,110
)
Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
64,216

 
 
 
64,216

Net unrealized loss on cash flow hedges, net of tax of $25
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(283
)
 
(283
)
Reclassification of net realized loss on cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
179

 
179

Net unrealized gain on available-for-sale investments, net of tax of $6
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
566

 
566

Reclassification of net realized gain on the sale of available-for-sale investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(221
)
 
(221
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax of $529
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(8,240
)
 
(8,240
)
Balance as of July 5, 2015 (unaudited)
87,102

 
$
174

 
$
294,155

 
$
546,205

 
$
(47,398
)
 
$
793,136












The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

8



COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
NOTE 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
As permitted by the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission applicable to Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, these notes are condensed and do not contain all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Reference should be made to the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
In the opinion of the management of Cognex Corporation (the “Company”), the accompanying consolidated unaudited financial statements contain all adjustments, consisting of normal, recurring adjustments and financial statement reclassifications, including those related to the disposition of a business (more fully described in Note 16), necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of July 5, 2015, and the results of its operations for the three-month and six-month periods ended July 5, 2015 and June 29, 2014, and changes in shareholders’ equity, comprehensive income, and cash flows for the periods presented.
The results disclosed in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three-month and six-month periods ended July 5, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
On July 6, 2015, the Company completed the sale of its Surface Inspection Systems Division (SISD). Therefore, the results of SISD are reported as a discontinued operation for all periods presented.
NOTE 2: New Pronouncements
Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”
The amendments in ASU 2014-09 will supersede and replace all currently existing U.S. GAAP, including industry-specific revenue recognition guidance, with a single, principle-based revenue recognition framework. The concept guiding this new model is that revenue recognition will depict transfer of control to the customer in an amount that reflects consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled. The core principles supporting this framework include (1) identifying the contract with a customer, (2) identifying separate performance obligations within the contract, (3) determining the transaction price, (4) allocating the transaction price to the performance obligations, and (5) recognizing revenue. This new framework will require entities to apply significantly more judgment. This increase in management judgment will require expanded disclosure on estimation methods, inputs, and assumptions for revenue recognition. The Transition Resource Group (TRG) is evaluating the impact of this ASU and will release implementation guidance in future periods. The guidance in ASU 2014-09 is effective for public companies for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. Management will continue to evaluate the impact of this standard as it evolves.
Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2015-05, "Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software"
ASU 2015-05 provides guidance to customers about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. If a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license, then the customer should account for the software license element of the arrangement consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. If a cloud computing arrangement does not include a software license, then the customer should account for the arrangement as a service contract. For public companies, the guidance in ASU 2015-05 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods thereafter. Early adoption is permitted. Management does not expect ASU 2015-05 to have a material impact on the Company's financial statements and disclosures.
Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2015-11, "Inventory - Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory"
ASU 2015-11 requires companies to measure most inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value, thereby simplifying the current guidance under which a company must measure inventory at the lower of cost or market. This Update eliminates the need to determine replacement cost and evaluate whether said cost is within a quantitative range. This Update also further aligns U.S. GAAP and international accounting standards. For public companies, the guidance in ASU 2015-11 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods thereafter. Early adoption is permitted. Management does not expect ASU 2015-11 to have a material impact on the Company's financial statements and disclosures.

9


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

NOTE 3: Fair Value Measurements
Financial Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table summarizes the financial assets and liabilities required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of July 5, 2015 (in thousands):
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
Assets:
 
 
 
Money market instruments
$
6,312

 
$

Corporate bonds

 
214,983

Treasury bills

 
81,936

Asset-backed securities

 
76,105

Euro liquidity fund

 
63,163

Sovereign bonds

 
8,105

Municipal bonds

 
6,684

Agency bonds

 
4,284

Cash flow hedge forward contracts

 
151

Economic hedge forward contracts

 
2

Liabilities:
 
 
 
Cash flow hedge forward contracts

 
243

Economic hedge forward contracts

 
8

The Company’s money market instruments are reported at fair value based upon the daily market price for identical assets in active markets, and are therefore classified as Level 1.
The Company’s debt securities and forward contracts are reported at fair value based upon model-driven valuations in which all significant inputs are observable or can be derived from or corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the asset or liability, and are therefore classified as Level 2. Management is responsible for estimating the fair value of these financial assets and liabilities, and in doing so, considers valuations provided by a large, third-party pricing service. For debt securities, this service maintains regular contact with market makers, brokers, dealers, and analysts to gather information on market movement, direction, trends, and other specific data. They use this information to structure yield curves for various types of debt securities and arrive at the daily valuations. The Company's forward contracts are typically traded or executed in over-the-counter markets with a high degree of pricing transparency. The market participants are generally large commercial banks.
The Company did not record an other-than-temporary impairment of these financial assets or liabilities during the six-month period ended July 5, 2015.
Financial Assets that are Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis
The Company has an interest in a limited partnership, which is accounted for using the cost method and is required to be measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis. Management is responsible for estimating the fair value of this investment, and in doing so, considers valuations of the partnership’s investments as determined by the General Partner. Publicly-traded investments in active markets are reported at the market closing price less a discount, as appropriate, to reflect restricted marketability. Fair value for private investments for which observable market prices in active markets do not exist is based upon the best information available including the value of a recent financing, reference to observable valuation measures for comparable companies (such as revenue multiples), public or private transactions (such as the sale of a comparable company), and valuations for publicly-traded comparable companies. The valuations also incorporate the General Partner’s own judgment and close familiarity with the business activities of each portfolio company. Significant increases or decreases in any of these inputs in isolation may result in a significantly lower or higher fair value measurement. The portfolio consists of securities of public and private companies, and consequently, inputs used in the fair value calculation are classified as Level 3. The Company did not record an other-than-temporary impairment of this asset during the six-month period ended July 5, 2015.

10


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Non-financial Assets that are Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis
Non-financial assets such as goodwill, intangible assets, and property, plant, and equipment are required to be measured at fair value only when an impairment loss is recognized. The Company did not record an impairment charge related to these assets during the six-month period ended July 5, 2015.
NOTE 4: Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Investments
Cash, cash equivalents, and investments consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
July 5, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Cash
$
55,379

 
$
54,917

Money market instruments
6,312

 
777

Cash and cash equivalents
61,691

 
55,694

Treasury bills
75,431

 

Euro liquidity fund
63,163

 
48,235

Corporate bonds
39,071

 
30,889

Asset-backed securities
37,894

 
1,311

Sovereign bonds
6,095

 

Municipal bonds
1,810

 
1,237

Agency bonds

 
6,883

Supranational bonds

 
1,901

Short-term investments
223,464

 
90,456

Corporate bonds
175,912

 
216,294

Asset-backed securities
38,211

 
62,556

Treasury bills
6,505

 
90,412

Municipal bonds
4,874

 
6,600

Agency bonds
4,284

 
9,566

Sovereign bonds
2,010

 
13,461

Limited partnership interest
1,956

 
1,956

Long-term investments
233,752

 
400,845

 
$
518,907

 
$
546,995

Treasury bills consist of debt securities issued by both the U.S. and foreign governments; the Euro liquidity fund invests in a portfolio of investment-grade bonds; corporate bonds consist of debt securities issued by both domestic and foreign companies; asset-backed securities consist of debt securities collateralized by pools of receivables or loans with credit enhancement; sovereign bonds consist of direct debt issued by foreign governments; municipal bonds consist of debt securities issued by state and local government entities; agency bonds consist of domestic or foreign obligations of government agencies and government sponsored enterprises that have government backing; and supranational bonds consist of direct debt issued by two or more foreign central governments. The Euro liquidity fund is denominated in Euros, and the remaining securities are denominated in U.S. Dollars.

11


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The following table summarizes the Company’s available-for-sale investments as of July 5, 2015 (in thousands):
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair Value
Short-term:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Treasury bills
$
75,392

 
$
39

 
$

 
$
75,431

Euro liquidity fund
63,032

 
131

 

 
63,163

Corporate bonds
39,034

 
48

 
(11
)
 
39,071

Asset-backed securities
37,888

 
17

 
(11
)
 
37,894

Sovereign bonds
6,087

 
8

 

 
6,095

Municipal bonds
1,807

 
3

 

 
1,810

Long-term:
 
 
 
 
 
 

Corporate bonds
175,920

 
274

 
(282
)
 
175,912

Asset-backed securities
38,203

 
17

 
(9
)
 
38,211

Treasury bills
6,506

 
2

 
(3
)
 
6,505

Municipal bonds
4,853

 
21

 

 
4,874

Agency bonds
4,279

 
5

 

 
4,284

Sovereign bonds
2,010

 

 

 
2,010

 
$
455,011

 
$
565

 
$
(316
)
 
$
455,260

The following table summarizes the Company’s gross unrealized losses and fair values for available-for-sale investments in an unrealized loss position as of July 5, 2015 (in thousands):
 
Unrealized Loss Position For:
 
 
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
Corporate bonds
$
101,856

 
$
(287
)
 
$
1,463

 
$
(6
)
 
$
103,319

 
$
(293
)
Asset-backed securities
20,783

 
(17
)
 
1,926

 
(3
)
 
22,709

 
(20
)
Treasury bills
5,203

 
(3
)
 

 

 
5,203

 
(3
)
 
$
127,842

 
$
(307
)
 
$
3,389

 
$
(9
)
 
$
131,231

 
$
(316
)
As of July 5, 2015, the Company did not recognize an other-than-temporary impairment of these investments. In its evaluation, management considered the type of security, the credit rating of the security, the length of time the security has been in a loss position, the size of the loss position, our intent and ability to hold the security to expected recovery of value, and other meaningful information. The Company does not intend to sell, and is unlikely to be required to sell, any of these available-for-sale investments before its effective maturity or market price recovery.
The Company recorded gross realized gains and gross realized losses on the sale of debt securities totaling $210,000 and $18,000, respectively, during the three-month period ended July 5, 2015 and $117,000 and $12,000, respectively, during the three-month period ended June 29, 2014. The Company recorded gross realized gains and gross realized losses on the sale of debt securities totaling $408,000 and $187,000, respectively, during the six-month period ended July 5, 2015 and $629,000 and $23,000, respectively, during the six-month period ended June 29, 2014.These gains and losses are included in "Investment income" on the Consolidated Statement of Operations. Prior to the sale of these securities, unrealized gains and losses for these debt securities, net of tax, are recorded in shareholders’ equity as other comprehensive income (loss).

12


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The following table presents the effective maturity dates of the Company’s available-for-sale investments as of July 5, 2015 (in thousands):
 
 1
Year or Less
 
1-2
Years
 
2-3
Years
 
3-4
Years
 
4-5
Years
 
5-8 Years
 
Total
Corporate bonds
$
39,071

 
$
84,541

 
$
66,216

 
$
19,360

 
$
5,795

 
$

 
$
214,983

Treasury bills
75,431

 
5,101

 
1,404

 

 

 

 
81,936

Asset-backed securities
37,894

 
23,627

 
3,752

 
3,401

 
6,847

 
584

 
76,105

Euro liquidity fund
63,163

 

 

 

 

 

 
63,163

Sovereign bonds
6,095

 
2,010

 

 

 

 

 
8,105

Municipal bonds
1,810

 
4,373

 
501

 

 

 

 
6,684

Agency bonds

 
980

 
3,304

 

 

 

 
4,284

 
$
223,464

 
$
120,632

 
$
75,177

 
$
22,761

 
$
12,642

 
$
584

 
$
455,260

The Company is a Limited Partner in Venrock Associates III, L.P. (Venrock), a venture capital fund. The Company has committed to a total investment in the limited partnership of up to $20,500,000, with an expiration date of December 31, 2015. As of July 5, 2015, the Company contributed $19,886,000 to the partnership. The remaining commitment of $614,000 can be called by Venrock at any time before December 31, 2015. Distributions and contributions are at the discretion of Venrock’s management. No contributions were made and no distributions were received during the six-month period ended July 5, 2015.
NOTE 5: Inventories
Inventories consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
July 5, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Raw materials
$
27,157

 
$
18,223

Work-in-process
5,471

 
5,054

Finished goods
6,772

 
5,946

 
$
39,400

 
$
29,223

NOTE 6: Warranty Obligations
The Company records the estimated cost of fulfilling product warranties at the time of sale based upon historical costs to fulfill claims. Obligations may also be recorded subsequent to the time of sale whenever specific events or circumstances impacting product quality become known that would not have been taken into account using historical data. While we engage in extensive product quality programs and processes, including actively monitoring and evaluating the quality of our component suppliers and third-party contract manufacturers, the Company’s warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates, material usage, and service delivery costs incurred in correcting a product failure. An adverse change in any of these factors may result in the need for additional warranty provisions. Warranty obligations are included in “Accrued expenses” on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The changes in the warranty obligation was as follows (in thousands):
Balance as of December 31, 2014
$
4,086

Provisions for warranties issued during the period
2,851

Fulfillment of warranty obligations
(2,593
)
Foreign exchange rate changes
(341
)
Balance as of July 5, 2015
$
4,003

NOTE 7: Contingencies
In March 2013, the Company filed a lawsuit against Microscan Systems, Inc. (“Microscan”) and Code Corporation ("Code") in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York alleging that Microscan’s Mobile Hawk handheld imager infringes U.S. Patent 7,874,487 owned by the Company (the “'487 patent”). The lawsuit sought to prohibit Code from manufacturing the product, and Microscan from selling and distributing the product. The Company also sought monetary damages resulting from the alleged infringement. On April 30, 2014, the jury found that Microscan willfully infringed the ‘487 patent and awarded Cognex $2,578,000 in damages. In July 2014, Microscan filed a Notice

13


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

of Appeal with the Federal Circuit appealing all orders, findings, and/or conclusions of the District Court that were adverse to Microscan. In August 2014, the Company filed a Notice of Appeal with the Federal Circuit appealing the order granting summary judgment that claims 23, 28, and 29 of the ’487 patent are invalid. Also in August 2014, the Federal Circuit consolidated Microscan’s appeal and the Company’s appeal. In November 2014, the Company filed an unopposed motion to dismiss the Company's appeal, and in December 2014, the Court of Appeals granted the Company's motion to dismiss the Company's appeal. In January 2015, Microscan submitted their appeal brief. The Company filed its response to Microscan’s appeal brief, contesting all assertions therein on March 16, 2015.
In August 2014, Microscan filed a lawsuit against the Company in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York alleging that the Company’s DataMan® 8500 handheld imager infringes U.S. Patent 6,352,204 (the “'204 patent”). The lawsuit sought to prohibit the Company from manufacturing, selling, and distributing the DataMan® 7500, 8500, 8600, and 9500 products. Microscan also sought monetary damages resulting from the alleged infringement. On April 30, 2015, the jury reached a verdict awarding Microscan royalties of $4,411,000 related to sales of the Company’s products during the applicable period.
On June 25, 2015, the Company executed a settlement agreement with Microscan in the amount of $3,500,000 settling all outstanding litigation between the parties. The settlement included a patent license agreement valued at $1,667,000 that allows the Company to continue producing current models of its handheld barcode readers, which was recorded as an asset as of July 5, 2015 and will be amortized to cost of revenue over the five year life of the patent. The remaining $1,833,000 of the settlement was recorded as expense in the second quarter of 2015. All cases were dismissed by the end of July 2015. On July 1, 2015, the Company also executed an immaterial settlement agreement with Code.
Various other claims and legal proceedings generally incidental to the normal course of business are pending or threatened on behalf of or against the Company, including some pertaining to the Company’s recently divested surface inspection business, which arose prior to the transaction closing date and for which the Company retains liability pursuant to the agreement governing such divesture. While we cannot predict the outcome of these matters, we believe that any liability arising from them will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, liquidity, or results of operations.
NOTE 8: Guarantees
In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into guarantee contracts with certain customers, generally in the Company’s Surface Inspection Systems Division (SISD) business. These guarantees represent standby letters of credit (LOC) which can be grouped into three categories: (1) bank guarantees which may require the Company to return a customer’s initial payment if the Company cannot deliver the order; (2) warranty bonds which may require the Company to resolve warranty issues within a specified time period; and (3) performance bonds which include a combination of the above two options. The type of LOC is generally determined based upon customer request and the guarantee amount represents the maximum potential amount of future payments. All of the Company’s LOCs are with the same counterparty and they do not contain any recourse provisions or collateral obligations.
The following table details the letters of credit outstanding as of July 5, 2015:
Type
 
Guarantee
Amount
(in thousands)
 
Guarantee Due Date
Bank guarantees
 
$
1,117

 
Various from July 2015 to July 2016
Performance bonds
 
550

 
Various from July 2015 to December 2017
Warranty bonds
 
510

 
Various from August 2015 to December 2016
 
 
$
2,177

 
 
The Company evaluates losses for guarantees under accounting for contingencies. The Company considers such factors as the degree of probability that the Company would be required to satisfy the guarantee and the ability to make a reasonable estimate of the loss. To date, the Company has not incurred any losses as a result of these obligations, and therefore, has not recorded any liability related to such obligation in its financial statements. The fair value of the Company’s outstanding guarantees is immaterial for all periods presented.
Pursuant to the sale of the Company's Surface Inspection Systems Division, completed on July 6, 2015, as more fully described in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, the Company assigned and transferred all of its rights, duties, liabilities, and obligations under a majority of these LOC agreements to AMETEK, Inc. Approximately $2,125,000 of the LOC balance was transferred. The remaining balance represents LOCs related to the Company's continuing operations.

14


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

NOTE 9: Indemnification Provisions
Except as limited by Massachusetts law, the by-laws of the Company require it to indemnify certain current or former directors, officers, and employees of the Company against expenses incurred by them in connection with each proceeding in which he or she is involved as a result of serving or having served in certain capacities. Indemnification is not available with respect to a proceeding as to which it has been adjudicated that the person did not act in good faith in the reasonable belief that the action was in the best interests of the Company. The maximum potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these provisions is unlimited. The Company has never incurred significant costs related to these indemnification provisions. As a result, the Company believes the estimated fair value of these provisions is minimal.
In the ordinary course of business, the Company may accept standard limited indemnification provisions in connection with the sale of its products, whereby it indemnifies its customers for certain direct damages incurred in connection with third-party patent or other intellectual property infringement claims with respect to the use of the Company’s products. The term of these indemnification provisions generally coincides with the customer’s use of the Company’s products. The maximum potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these provisions is generally subject to fixed monetary limits. The Company has never incurred significant costs to defend lawsuits or settle claims related to these indemnification provisions. As a result, the Company believes the estimated fair value of these provisions is minimal.
In the ordinary course of business, the Company also accepts limited indemnification provisions from time to time, whereby it indemnifies customers for certain direct damages incurred in connection with bodily injury and property damage arising from the installation of the Company’s products. The term of these indemnification provisions generally coincides with the period of installation. The maximum potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these provisions is generally limited and is likely recoverable under the Company’s insurance policies. As a result of this coverage, and the fact that the Company has never incurred significant costs to defend lawsuits or settle claims related to these indemnification provisions, the Company believes the estimated fair value of these provisions is minimal.
Under the terms of the Company’s sale of its Surface Inspection Systems Division to AMETEK, Inc., the Company has agreed to retain certain liabilities in connection with its business dealings occurring prior to the transaction closing date of July 6, 2015, and to indemnify AMETEK, Inc. in connection with these retained liabilities and for any breach of the representations and warranties made by the Company to AMETEK, Inc. in connection with the sales agreement itself, as is usual and customary in such transactions. As of the date of this report, the Company believes the estimated fair value of these provisions is minimal.
NOTE 10: Derivative Instruments
The Company’s foreign currency risk management strategy is principally designed to mitigate the potential financial impact of changes in the value of transactions and balances denominated in foreign currencies resulting from changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Currently, the Company enters into two types of hedges to manage this risk. The first are economic hedges which utilize foreign currency forward contracts with maturities of up to 45 days to manage the exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates arising primarily from foreign-denominated receivables and payables. The gains and losses on these derivatives are intended to be offset by the changes in the fair value of the assets and liabilities being hedged. These economic hedges are not designated as hedging instruments for hedge accounting treatment. The second are cash flow hedges which utilize foreign currency forward contracts with maturities of up to 18 months to hedge specific forecasted transactions of the Company's foreign subsidiaries with the goal of protecting our budgeted revenues and expenses against foreign currency exchange rate changes compared to our budgeted rates. These cash flow hedges are designated as hedging instruments for hedge accounting treatment.

15


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The Company had the following outstanding forward contracts (in thousands):
 
As of July 5, 2015
 
As of December 31, 2014
Currency
Notional
Value
 
USD
Equivalent
 
Notional
Value
 
USD
Equivalent
Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Japanese Yen
1,151,500

 
$
9,186

 
1,225,000

 
$
10,211

Hungarian Forint
791,500

 
2,809

 
803,000

 
3,099

Singapore Dollar
3,071

 
2,144

 
3,515

 
2,564

Canadian Dollar
290

 
263

 
758

 
688

British Pound
179

 
246

 
491

 
732

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:
 
 
 
 
Japanese Yen
600,000

 
$
4,877

 
345,000

 
$
2,878

British Pound
1,700

 
2,655

 
1,400

 
2,183

Singapore Dollar
1,425

 
1,056

 
1,225

 
922

Taiwanese Dollar
29,000

 
940

 
28,000

 
883

Korean Won
950,000

 
845

 
940,000

 
858

Hungarian Forint
220,000

 
772

 
410,000

 
1,569

Information regarding the fair value of the outstanding forward contracts was as follows (in thousands):
 
Asset Derivatives
 
Liability Derivatives
 
Balance
 
Fair Value
 
Balance
 
Fair Value
 
Sheet
Location
 
July 5, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
Sheet
Location
 
July 5, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flow hedge forward contracts
Prepaid expenses and
other current assets
 
$
151

 
$
108

 
Accrued
expenses
 
$
243

 
$
84

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Economic hedge forward contracts
Prepaid expenses and
other current assets
 
$
2

 
$
5

 
Accrued expenses
 
$
8

 
$
13


The table below details the gross activity for all derivative assets and liabilities which were presented on a net basis on the Consolidated Balance Sheets due to the right of offset with each counterparty (in thousands):
Asset Derivatives
 
Liability Derivatives
 
 
July 5, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
 
 
July 5, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Gross amounts of recognized assets
 
$
153

 
$
187

 
Gross amounts of recognized liabilities
 
$
412

 
$
149

Gross amounts offset
 

 
(74
)
 
Gross amounts offset
 
(161
)
 
(52
)
Net amount of assets presented
 
$
153

 
$
113

 
Net amount of liabilities presented
 
$
251

 
$
97



16


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Information regarding the effect of derivative instruments, net of the underlying exposure, on the consolidated financial statements was as follows (in thousands):
 
Location in Financial Statements
 
Three-months Ended
 
Six-months Ended
 
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments:
 
 
 
Gains (losses) recorded in shareholders' equity (effective portion)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
$
(72
)
 
$
(74
)
 
$
(72
)
 
$
(74
)
Gains (losses) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into current operations (effective portion)
Product revenue
 
$
(159
)
 
$
4

 
$
(311
)
 
$
17

 
Research, development, and engineering expenses
 
18

 
(9
)
 
19

 
(25
)
 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
72

 
(19
)
 
113

 
(49
)
 
Total gains (losses) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into current operations
 
$
(69
)
 
$
(24
)
 
$
(179
)
 
$
(57
)
Gains (losses) recognized in current operations (ineffective portion and discontinued derivatives)
Foreign currency gain (loss)
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:
 
 
 
Gains (losses) recognized in current operations
Foreign currency gain (loss)
 
$
233

 
$
(15
)
 
$
342

 
$
(137
)
The following table provides the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, related to derivative instruments (in thousands):
Balance as of December 31, 2014
 
$
32

Reclassification of net realized loss on cash flow hedges into current operations
 
179

Net unrealized loss on cash flow hedges
 
(283
)
Balance as of July 5, 2015
 
$
(72
)
Net losses expected to be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, into current operations within the next twelve months are $65,000.
NOTE 11: Stock-Based Compensation Expense
The Company’s share-based payments that result in compensation expense consist of stock option grants and restricted stock awards. As of July 5, 2015, the Company had 7,815,489 shares available for grant. Generally, stock options are granted with an exercise price equal to the market value of the Company’s common stock at the grant date, vest over four years based upon continuous service, and expire ten years from the grant date. Restricted stock awards are granted with an exercise price equal to the market value of the Company's common stock at the time of grant. Conditions of the award may be based on continuing employment and or achievement of pre-established performance goals and objectives. Vesting for performance-based restricted stock awards and time-based restricted stock awards must be greater than one year and three years, respectively.

17


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The following table summarizes the Company’s stock option activity for the six-month period ended July 5, 2015:
 
Shares
(in thousands)
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (in years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in thousands)
Outstanding as of December 31, 2014
6,812

 
$
23.26

 
 
 
 
Granted
1,427

 
41.36

 
 
 
 
Exercised
(1,280
)
 
16.76

 
 
 
 
Forfeited or expired
(43
)
 
8.68

 
 
 
 
Outstanding as of July 5, 2015
6,916

 
$
28.14

 
7.4
 
$
136,975

Exercisable as of July 5, 2015
2,533

 
$
16.74

 
5.6
 
$
79,074

Options vested or expected to vest as of 
 July 5, 2015 (1)
6,140

 
$
26.97

 
7.2
 
$
128,812

 (1) In addition to the vested options, the Company expects a portion of the unvested options to vest at some point in the future. Options expected to vest are calculated by applying an estimated forfeiture rate to the unvested options.
The fair values of stock options granted in each period presented were estimated using the following weighted-average assumptions:
 
Three-months Ended
 
Six-months Ended
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
Risk-free rate
2.1
%
 
2.7
%
 
2.1
%
 
2.7
%
Expected dividend yield
1.25
%
 
%
 
1.25
%
 
%
Expected volatility
40
%
 
41
%
 
40
%
 
41
%
Expected term (in years)
5.4

 
5.4

 
5.4

 
5.4

Risk-free rate
The risk-free rate was based upon a treasury instrument whose term was consistent with the contractual term of the option.
Expected dividend yield
Generally, the current dividend yield is calculated by annualizing the cash dividend declared by the Company’s Board of Directors and dividing that result by the closing stock price on the grant date. However, in the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company paid the full annual dividends for 2013 and 2014 in advance, and therefore, the dividend yield for those years has been adjusted to zero. A dividend yield of 1.25% was estimated for future periods from 2015 through the expected life of the option.
Expected volatility
The expected volatility was based upon a combination of historical volatility of the Company’s common stock over the contractual term of the option and implied volatility for traded options of the Company’s stock.
Expected term
The expected term was derived from the binomial lattice model from the impact of events that trigger exercises over time.
The Company stratifies its employee population into two groups: one consisting of senior management and another consisting of all other employees. The Company currently expects that approximately 74% of its stock options granted to senior management and 73% of its options granted to all other employees will actually vest. Therefore, the Company currently applies an estimated annual forfeiture rate of 10% to all unvested options for senior management and a rate of 11% for all other employees. The Company revised its estimated forfeiture rates in the first quarters of 2015 and 2014, resulting in an increase to compensation expense of $461,000 and $288,000, respectively.
The weighted-average grant-date fair values of stock options granted during the three-month periods ended July 5, 2015 and June 29, 2014 were $14.40 and $15.28, respectively. The weighted-average grant-date fair values of stock

18


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

options granted during the six-month periods ended July 5, 2015 and June 29, 2014 were $14.34 and $15.34, respectively.
The total intrinsic values of stock options exercised for the three-month periods ended July 5, 2015 and June 29, 2014 were $22,490,000 and $5,710,000, respectively. The total intrinsic values of stock options exercised for the six-month periods ended July 5, 2015 and June 29, 2014 were $39,230,000 and $14,643,000, respectively. The total fair values of stock options vested for the three-month periods ended July 5, 2015 and June 29, 2014 were $897,000 and $2,621,000, respectively. The total fair values of stock options vested for the six-month periods ended July 5, 2015 and June 29, 2014 were $14,419,000 and $10,982,000, respectively.
As of July 5, 2015, total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested stock options was $26,785,000, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.91 years.
The following table summarizes the Company's restricted stock award activity:
 
Shares (in thousands)
 
Weighted-Average Exercise Price
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value (in thousands)
Nonvested as of December 31, 2014
20

 
$
34.05

 
 
Granted

 

 
 
Vested

 

 
 
Forfeited or expired

 

 
 
Nonvested as of July 5, 2015
20

 
$
34.05

 
$
278

The fair values of restricted stock awards granted were determined based upon the market value of the Company's common stock at the time of grant. The initial cost is then amortized over the period of vesting until the restrictions lapse. These restricted shares will be fully vested in 2018. Participants are entitled to dividends on restricted stock awards, but only receive those amounts if the shares vest. The sale or transfer of these shares is restricted during the vesting period.
The total stock-based compensation expense and the related income tax benefit recognized for the three-month period ended July 5, 2015 were $4,631,000 and $1,532,000, respectively, and for the three-month period ended June 29, 2014 were $3,956,000 and $1,266,000, respectively. The total stock-based compensation expense and the related income tax benefit recognized for the six-month period ended July 5, 2015 were $11,577,000 and $3,869,000, respectively, and for the six-month period ended June 29, 2014 were $7,960,000 and $2,572,000, respectively. No compensation expense was capitalized as of July 5, 2015 or December 31, 2014.
The following table details the stock-based compensation expense by caption for each period presented on the Consolidated Statements of Operations (in thousands):
 
Three-months Ended
 
Six-months Ended
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
Cost of revenue
$
349

 
$
286

 
$
816

 
$
613

Research, development, and engineering
1,153

 
949

 
2,967

 
1,967

Selling, general, and administrative
2,985

 
2,473

 
7,367

 
4,825

Discontinued operations
144

 
248

 
427

 
555

 
$
4,631

 
$
3,956

 
$
11,577

 
$
7,960

Upon the sale of the Company's Surface Inspection Systems Division to AMETEK, Inc., completed on July 6, 2015, as more fully described in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, the Company accelerated the vesting of stock options, with respect to 171,000 underlying shares, resulting in an additional $1,105,000 of stock option expense in the third quarter of 2015.

19


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

NOTE 12: Stock Repurchase Program
In November 2011, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $80,000,000 of the Company’s common stock. Purchases under this 2011 program were completed in 2014. In April 2014, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of an additional $50,000,000 of the Company's common stock. Purchases under this 2014 program began in 2014 upon completion of the 2011 program. The Company repurchased 720,000 shares at a cost of $35,848,000 in the six-month period ended July 5, 2015. On August 3, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of an additional $100,000,000 of the Company's stock. This new authorization will commence once the Company completes the April 2014 program. The Company may repurchase shares under this program in future periods depending upon a variety of factors, including, among other things, the impact of dilution from employee stock options, stock price, share availability, and cash requirements.
NOTE 13: Taxes
A reconciliation of the United States federal statutory corporate tax rate to the Company’s effective tax rate, or income tax provision, was as follows:
 
Three-months Ended
 
Six-months Ended
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
Continuing Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax provision at federal statutory rate
35
 %
 
35
 %
 
35
 %
 
35
 %
State income taxes, net of federal benefit
1
 %
 
1
 %
 
1
 %
 
1
 %
Foreign tax rate differential
(19
)%
 
(19
)%
 
(19
)%
 
(19
)%
Discrete tax events
 %
 
(2
)%
 
(1
)%
 
(1
)%
Other
 %
 
 %
 
1
 %
 
 %
Income tax provision related to continuing operations
17
 %
 
15
 %
 
17
 %
 
16
 %
The effective tax rate for the six-month period ended July 5, 2015 included the impact of the following discrete tax events: (1) a decrease in tax expense by $364,000 recorded in the first quarter of 2015 from the expiration of statutes of limitations for certain reserves for income tax uncertainties, (2) a decrease in tax expense of $112,000 recorded in the second quarter of 2015 from the final true-up of the prior year's tax accrual upon filing the actual tax returns, and (3) an increase to tax expense of $65,000 recorded in the second quarter of 2015 from the write down of a deferred tax asset. These discrete events decreased the effective tax rate on continuing operations from a provision of 18% to a provision of 17% for the six-month period ended July 5, 2015. The discrete events noted above did not have an impact on the effective tax rate on continuing operations in the three-month period ended July 5, 2015.
The effective tax rate for the six-month period ended June 29, 2014 included the impact of the following discrete tax event: a decrease in tax expense of $418,000 recorded in the second quarter of 2014 from the closing of the Internal Revenue Service audit of the Company for tax years 2010 and 2011. This discrete event decreased the effective tax rate on continuing operations from a provision of 17% to a provision of 15% and 16% for the three-month and six-month periods ended June 29, 2014, respectively.
During the six-month period ended July 5, 2015, the Company recorded a $9,000 decrease in reserves for income taxes, net of deferred tax benefit, including a reduction to additional paid in capital of $48,000 and a reduction in income tax expense of $39,000. Included in this net decrease is the discrete event noted above. Estimated interest and penalties included in these amounts totaled $32,000 for the six-month period ended July 5, 2015.
The Company’s reserve for income taxes, including gross interest and penalties, was $5,631,000 as of July 5, 2015, which included $4,603,000 classified as a noncurrent liability and $1,028,000 recorded as a reduction to noncurrent deferred tax assets. The amount of gross interest and penalties included in these balances was $561,000. If the Company’s tax positions were sustained or the statutes of limitations related to certain positions expired, these reserves would be released and income tax expense would be reduced in a future period, less $616,000 that would be recorded through additional paid-in capital. As a result of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations and the conclusion of the IRS examination, there is a potential that a portion of these reserves could be released, which would decrease income tax expense by approximately $550,000 to $650,000 over the next twelve months.
The Company has defined its major tax jurisdictions as the United States, Ireland, China, and Japan, and within the United States, Massachusetts and California. Within the United States, the tax years 2012 through 2014 remain open

20


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

to examination by the Internal Revenue Service, while the tax years 2011 through 2014 remain open to various state taxing authorities, and the tax years 2010 through 2014 remain open to examination by various taxing authorities in other jurisdictions in which the Company operates.
NOTE 14: Weighted-Average Shares
Weighted-average shares were calculated as follows (in thousands):
 
Three-months Ended
 
Six-months Ended
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding
87,199

 
86,782

 
86,977

 
86,830

Effect of dilutive stock options
1,986

 
2,183

 
1,974

 
2,282

Weighted-average common and common-equivalent shares outstanding
89,185

 
88,965

 
88,951

 
89,112

Stock options to purchase 2,171,856 and 1,912,850 shares of common stock, on a weighted-average basis, were outstanding during the three-month and six-month periods ended July 5, 2015, respectively, and 1,301,306 and 947,235 for the same periods in 2014, but were not included in the calculation of dilutive net income per share because they were anti-dilutive.
NOTE 15: Segment Information
As of July 5, 2015, the Company had two reportable segments: the Modular Vision Systems Division (MVSD) and the Surface Inspection Systems Division (SISD). MVSD develops, manufactures, and markets modular vision systems that are used to control the manufacture of discrete items by locating, identifying, inspecting, and measuring them during the manufacturing process. SISD develops, manufactures, and markets surface inspection vision systems that are used to inspect surfaces of materials processed in a continuous fashion, such as metals, paper, nonwoven, plastics, and glass, to ensure there are no flaws or defects on the surfaces. On July 6, 2015 (the first day of the Company's third quarter), the Company completed the sale of SISD to AMETEK, Inc. Additional detail related to this disposition is contained in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Segments are determined based upon the way that management organizes its business for making operating decisions and assessing performance. Given the disposition of the SISD segment noted above, management is in the process of reviewing its organizational structure and will update this segment disclosure during the third quarter of 2015.
The following table summarizes information about the remaining segments (in thousands):
Three-months Ended July 5, 2015
MVSD
 
 
Reconciling Items
 
Consolidated
Revenue
$
143,829

 
 
$

 
$
143,829

Operating income
62,179

 
 
(10,401
)
 
51,778

Six-months Ended July 5, 2015
MVSD
 
 
Reconciling Items
 
Consolidated
Revenue
$
245,202

 
 
$

 
$
245,202

Operating income
95,155

 
 
(21,267
)
 
73,888

Three-months Ended June 29, 2014
MVSD
 
 
Reconciling Items
 
Consolidated
Revenue
$
92,276

 
 
$

 
$
92,276

Operating income
33,818

 
 
(7,794
)
 
26,024

Six-months Ended June 29, 2014
MVSD
 
 
Reconciling Items
 
Consolidated
Revenue
$
173,592

 
 
$

 
$
173,592

Operating income
61,783

 
 
(14,357
)
 
47,426

Reconciling items consist of stock-based compensation expense and unallocated corporate expenses, which primarily include corporate headquarters costs, professional fees, and patent infringement litigation. Additional asset information by segment is not produced internally for use by the chief operating decision maker, and therefore, is not presented.

21


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Additional asset information is not provided because cash and investments are commingled and the segments share assets and resources in a number of locations around the world.
NOTE 16: Discontinued Operations
On July 6, 2015 (the first day of the Company's third quarter), the Company completed the sale of its Surface Inspection Systems Division (SISD) to AMETEK, Inc. (AMETEK) for $160,000,000 in cash, less a working capital adjustment of $1,600,000 and transaction costs of approximately $5,000,000. Accordingly, management concluded that the assets of SISD met all of the criteria to be classified as "held for sale" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 5, 2015.

Carrying amounts of major assets and liabilities included as part of the disposal group were as follows (in thousands):
 
July 5, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Accounts receivable, net
$
9,550

 
$
10,885

Inventories, net
5,943

 
6,313

Unbilled revenue
2,573

 
2,356

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
3,391

 
2,955

Property, plant, and equipment, net
1,720

 
1,944

Intangible assets, net
11,338

 
1,029

Goodwill
4,301

 
4,301

Other assets
111

 
31

Held for sale assets
$
38,927

 
$
29,814

 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
1,470

 
1,891

Accrued expenses
3,787

 
4,335

Deferred revenue
9,341

 
5,965

Held for sale liabilities
$
14,598

 
$
12,191


Management also concluded that the disposal group met the criteria of a discontinued operation and has presented the profit from operation of this discontinued business separately from continuing operations on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The pretax gain associated with this sale is expected to be approximately $125,000,000 and will be recorded in the third quarter of 2015.


22


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

The major classes of revenue and expense included in discontinued operations were as follows (in thousands):
 
Three-months Ended
 
Six-months Ended
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
Revenue
$
11,187

 
$
16,526

 
$
23,248

 
$
26,139

Cost of revenue
(5,765
)
 
(7,506
)
 
(11,291
)
 
(11,948
)
Research, development, and engineering expenses
(1,022
)
 
(1,118
)
 
(2,126
)
 
(2,068
)
Selling, general, and administrative expenses
(4,176
)
 
(3,204
)
 
(7,800
)
 
(6,384
)
Foreign currency gain (loss)
77

 
(22
)
 
(177
)
 
(22
)
Pretax income from discontinued operations
301

 
4,676

 
1,854

 
5,717

Income tax expense
103

 
1,403

 
626

 
1,754

Income from discontinued operations, net
$
198

 
$
3,273

 
$
1,228

 
$
3,963


Significant noncash items related to the discontinued business were as follows (in thousands):
 
Three-months Ended
 
Six-months Ended
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
 
July 5, 2015
 
June 29, 2014
Capital expenditures
$
171

 
$
152

 
$
482

 
$
261

Stock-based compensation expense
144

 
248

 
427

 
555

Depreciation expense
203

 
193

 
401

 
388

Amortization expense
82

 
94

 
165

 
188


The Company also entered into a Transition Services Agreement (TSA) with AMETEK to ensure an orderly and effective transition of SISD. Under the terms of the TSA, the Company has agreed to continue to perform certain administrative activities related to SISD; however, AMETEK is responsible for monitoring the business and making all strategic decisions. Although the parties intend to complete this transition as quickly as possible, the Company expects this TSA to remain in place throughout the second half of 2015. The income associated with this TSA is expected to be immaterial.
NOTE 17: Subsequent Events
On August 3, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of an additional $100,000,000 of the Company's stock. This new authorization will commence once the Company completes the April 2014 program. For additional detail regarding the Company's stock repurchases, see Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
In addition, on August 3, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.07 per share. The dividend is payable on September 18, 2015 to all shareholders of record as of the close of business on September 4, 2015.

23


COGNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)



24



ITEM 2: MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements made in this report, as well as oral statements made by the Company from time to time, constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Readers can identify these forward-looking statements by our use of the words “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “believes,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “will,” “may,” “shall,” “could,” “should,” and similar words and other statements of a similar sense. These statements are based upon our current estimates and expectations as to prospective events and circumstances, which may or may not be in our control and as to which there can be no firm assurances given. These forward-looking statements, which include statements regarding business and market trends, future financial performance, customer order rates, expected areas of growth, emerging markets, future product mix, research and development activities, investments, and strategic plans, involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Such risks and uncertainties include: (1) the loss of a large customer; (2) current and future conditions in the global economy; (3) the reliance on revenue from the consumer electronics or automotive industries; (4) the inability to penetrate new markets; (5) the cyclicality of the semiconductor and electronics industries; (6) the inability to achieve significant international revenue; (7) fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and the use of derivative instruments; (8) the inability to attract and retain skilled employees; (9) the reliance upon key suppliers to manufacture and deliver critical components for our products; (10) the failure to effectively manage product transitions or accurately forecast customer demand; (11) the inability to design and manufacture high-quality products; (12) the technological obsolescence of current products and the inability to develop new products; (13) the failure to properly manage the distribution of products and services; (14) the inability to protect our proprietary technology and intellectual property; (15) our involvement in time-consuming and costly litigation; (16) the impact of competitive pressures; (17) the challenges in integrating and achieving expected results from acquired businesses; (18) potential impairment charges with respect to our investments or for acquired intangible assets or goodwill; (19) exposure to additional tax liabilities; and (20) information security breaches or business system disruptions. The foregoing list should not be construed as exhaustive and we encourage readers to refer to the detailed discussion of risk factors included in Part I-Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014. The Company cautions readers not to place undue reliance upon any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made. The Company disclaims any obligation to subsequently revise forward-looking statements to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances after the date such statements are made.

Executive Overview

Cognex Corporation is a leading worldwide provider of machine vision products that capture and analyze visual information in order to automate tasks, primarily in manufacturing processes, where vision is required. Our Modular Vision Systems Division (MVSD) specializes in machine vision systems and ID products that are used to automate the manufacture and tracking of discrete items. On July 6, 2015, the Company completed the sale of its Surface Inspection Systems Division (SISD) that specializes in machine vision systems that are used to inspect the surfaces of materials processed in a continuous fashion. The financial results of SISD are reported as a discontinued operation for all periods presented.

In addition to product revenue derived from the sale of machine vision systems, the Company also generates revenue by providing maintenance and support, consulting, and training services to its customers; however, service revenue accounted for less than 10% of total revenue for all periods presented.

The Company’s customers are predominantly in the factory automation market. Factory automation customers purchase Cognex products and incorporate them into their manufacturing processes. Virtually every manufacturer can achieve better quality and manufacturing efficiency by using machine vision, and therefore, this market includes a broad base of customers across a variety of industries, including consumer electronics, automotive, consumer products, food and beverage, medical devices, and pharmaceuticals. Factory automation customers also purchase Cognex products for use outside of the manufacturing process, such as using ID products in logistics automation for package sorting and distribution. Sales to factory automation customers represented 95% of total revenue for both the three-month and six-month periods in 2015, compared to 91% and 92% of total revenue for the same periods in 2014.

A small percentage of the Company’s customers are in the semiconductor and electronics capital equipment market. These customers purchase Cognex products and integrate them into the automation equipment that they manufacture

25



and then sell to their customers to either make semiconductor chips or assemble printed circuit boards. Demand from these customers has been on a declining trend for the past several years. Sales to semiconductor and electronics capital equipment manufacturers represented only 5% of total revenue for both the three-month and six-month periods in 2015, compared to 9% and 8% of total revenue for the same periods in 2014.

Revenue for the second quarter of 2015 totaled $143,829,000, representing an increase of $51,553,000, or 56%, from the second quarter of 2014 driven by revenue from large orders in the consumer electronics industry recognized in 2015. Gross margin was 79% of revenue in the second quarter of 2015 compared to 80% of revenue in the second quarter of 2014 due primarily to higher new product introduction costs. Operating expenses increased by $13,481,000, or 28%, from the second quarter of 2014 due primarily to higher personnel-related costs resulting from additional headcount. Management believes these personnel investments are important to the Company's efforts to maintain the record levels of business achieved in the prior year and to generate further growth. Operating income increased by $25,754,000, or 99%, over the second quarter of 2014. Operating income was $51,778,000, or 36% of revenue, in the second quarter of 2015 compared to $26,024,000, or 28% of revenue, in the second quarter of 2014; income from continuing operations was $43,516,000, or 30% of revenue, in the second quarter of 2015 compared to $22,675,000, or 25% of revenue, in the second quarter of 2014; and income from continuing operations per diluted share was $0.49 in the second quarter of 2015 compared to $0.25 in the second quarter of 2014.

Results of Operations

As foreign currency exchange rates are a factor in understanding period-to-period comparisons, we believe the presentation of results on a constant-currency basis in addition to reported results helps improve investors’ ability to understand our operating results and evaluate our performance in comparison to prior periods. We also use results on a constant-currency basis as one measure to evaluate our performance.  Constant-currency information compares results between periods as if exchange rates had remained constant period-over-period. We generally refer to such amounts calculated on a constant-currency basis as excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate changes. Results on a constant-currency basis are not in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, results prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Revenue

Revenue increased by $51,553,000, or 56%, for the three-month period and increased by $71,610,000, or 41%, for the six-month period. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate changes, revenue increased by $59,181,000, or 64%, for the three-month period, and increased by $85,708,000, or 49%, for the six-month period, as sales denominated in foreign currencies, primarily the Euro, were translated into U.S. Dollars at a lower rate. This relatively high revenue growth rate was driven by revenue from large orders in the consumer electronics industry in 2015. Excluding these large orders, revenue from factory automation customers increased for both the three-month and six-month periods on a constant-currency basis in each of the Company’s geographic regions, with the highest growth rate coming from Greater China and Europe. Revenue from semiconductor and electronics capital equipment manufacturers decreased for the three-month period and was relatively flat for the six-month period on a constant-currency basis.

The level of large orders is not expected to continue in the third quarter of 2015, and therefore, we expect revenue to decline in the third quarter compared to the second quarter of 2015, although we expect third quarter revenue to be higher than the first quarter of 2015.

Gross Margin

Gross margin as a percentage of revenue was 79% and 78% for the three-month and six-month periods in 2015, respectively, compared to 80% for the same periods in 2014. The lower gross margin was due to higher new product introduction costs, as well as volume pricing discounts on certain large orders. In addition, changes in foreign currency exchange rates had a negative impact on gross margin, as a significant amount of revenue is denominated in Euros, while inventories are predominantly purchased in U.S. Dollars. These gross margin decreases were partially offset by the favorable impact of material cost reductions and volume purchasing, as well as manufacturing efficiencies achieved from higher revenue levels as fixed manufacturing costs were spread over a larger revenue base.

We expect gross margin as a percentage of revenue to decline in the third quarter of 2015 compared to the second quarter of 2015 due to a higher level of lower-margin maintenance and support services.

26




Research, Development, and Engineering Expenses

Research, development, and engineering (RD&E) expenses increased $5,778,000, or 46%, for the three-month period and increased by $11,195,000, or 46%, for the six-month period.

The table below details the increases in RD&E expenses (in thousands):
 
Three-month Period
 
Six-month Period
RD&E expenses in 2014
$
12,524

 
$
24,093

Outsourced engineering costs
3,218

 
4,542

Personnel-related costs
1,983

 
4,041

Stock-based compensation expense
248

 
1,096

Engineering prototypes
338

 
721

Foreign currency exchange rate changes
(782
)
 
(1,411
)
Other
773

 
2,206

RD&E expenses in 2015
$
18,302

 
$
35,288


The increase in RD&E expenses was due to higher personnel-related costs, such as salaries and fringe benefits, resulting from headcount additions and modest salary increases granted early in 2015. Headcount was added to support the significantly higher level of business in 2014 and the impact of these investments on year-over-year expense comparisons is expected to continue in the second half of 2015. The Company also incurred higher spending on outsourced engineering costs and engineering prototypes. In addition, stock-based compensation expense increased due to a higher stock price valuation for options granted in the previous four years. Offsetting these increases was the favorable impact of a weaker Euro, as expenses denominated in Euros were translated to U.S. Dollars at a lower rate.

RD&E expenses as a percentage of revenue was 13% and 14% for the three-month and six-month periods in 2015, respectively, compared to 14% for the same periods in 2014. We believe that a continued commitment to RD&E activities is essential in order to maintain or achieve product leadership with our existing products and to provide innovative new product offerings. In addition, we consider our ability to accelerate time to market for new products to be critical to our revenue growth. Therefore, we expect to continue to make significant RD&E investments in the future, and we target our RD&E spending to be between 10% and 15% of revenue. This percentage is impacted by revenue levels.

Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) expenses increased by $7,703,000, or 22%, for the three-month period and increased by $15,844,000, or 24%, for the six-month period. MVSD SG&A expenses increased by $5,755,000, or 19%, for the three-month period and increased by $11,369,000, or 20%, for the six-month period. Corporate expenses that are not allocated to a division increased by $1,948,000, or 37%, for the three-month period and increased by $4,475,000, or 48%, for the six-month period.


27



The table below details the increases in MVSD SG&A expenses (in thousands):
 
Three-month Period
 
Six-month Period
MVSD SG&A expenses in 2014
$
30,299

 
$
58,056

Personnel-related costs
5,405

 
10,486

Stock-based compensation expense
518

 
1,505

Sales demonstration equipment
1,009

 
1,170

Rent expense
200

 
596

Depreciation expense
266

 
447

Foreign currency exchange rate changes
(3,072
)
 
(5,467
)
Other
1,429

 
2,632

MVSD SG&A expenses in 2015
$
36,054

 
$
69,425


The increase in MVSD SG&A expenses was due to headcount additions, resulting in higher personnel-related costs, such as salaries, fringe benefits, sales commissions, and travel expenses, as well as modest salary increases granted early in 2015. Headcount was added to support the significantly higher level of business in 2014 and the impact of these investments on year-over-year expense comparisons is expected to continue in the second half of 2015. In addition, stock-based compensation expense increased due to a higher stock price valuation for options granted in the previous four years. The Company also incurred higher expenses related to sales demonstration equipment, higher rent expense resulting from worldwide office expansion, and higher depreciation expense related to information technology investments. Offsetting these increases was the favorable impact of a weaker Euro and to a lesser extent a weaker Japanese Yen, as expenses denominated in these currencies were translated to U.S. Dollars at lower rates.

The increase in corporate expenses was due principally to a settlement of outstanding patent litigation with Microscan Systems, Inc. reached in the second quarter of 2015 under which the Company paid $3,500,000 in July 2015. The settlement included a patent license agreement valued at $1,667,000 that allows the Company to continue producing current models of its handheld barcode readers, which was recorded as an asset as of July 5, 2015 and will be amortized to cost of revenue over the five year life of the patent. The remaining $1,833,000 of the settlement was recorded as expense in the second quarter of 2015. This litigation also resulted in higher legal fees ($344,000 for the three-month period and $1,520,000 for the six-month period). In addition, stock-based compensation expense was higher for the six-month period ($1,315,000).

Nonoperating Income (Expense)

The Company recorded foreign currency losses of $39,000 and foreign currency gains of $620,000 for the three-month and six-month periods in 2015, respectively, compared to foreign currency losses of $74,000 and $184,000 for the same periods in 2014. The foreign currency gains and losses in each period resulted primarily from the revaluation and settlement of accounts receivable, accounts payable, and intercompany balances that are reported in one currency and collected in another. As of the date of this report, the Company expects to invoice a significant amount of U.S. Dollar-denominated business on the books of its Irish subsidiary, for which the functional currency is the Euro, in the third quarter of 2015. These accounts receivable will be subject to revaluation and settlement in foreign currency gain (loss) in current operations.

Investment income increased by $156,000, or 19%, for the three-month period and increased by $219,000, or 14%, for the six-month period due to increased funds available for investment.

The Company recorded other expense of $55,000 and $365,000 for the three-month and six-month periods in 2015, respectively, compared to other expense of $75,000 and $348,000 for the same periods in 2014. Other income (expense) includes rental income, net of associated expenses, from leasing buildings adjacent to the Company’s corporate headquarters.


28



Income Tax Expense

The Company’s effective tax rate was 17% for the three-month and six-month periods in 2015, compared to 15% and 16% for the same periods in 2014. The effective tax rate for 2015 included the impact of the following discrete tax events: (1) a decrease in tax expense of $364,000 recorded in the first quarter of 2015 from the expiration of statutes of limitations for certain reserves for income tax uncertainties, (2) a decrease in tax expense of $112,000 recorded in the second quarter of 2015 from the final true-up of the prior year’s tax accrual upon filing the actual tax returns, and (3) an increase in tax expense of $65,000 recorded in the second quarter of 2015 from the write down of a deferred tax asset. The effective tax rate for 2014 included the impact of the following discrete tax event: a decrease in tax expense of $418,000 recorded in the second quarter of 2014 from the closing of the Internal Revenue Service audit of the Company for tax years 2010 and 2011. Excluding the impact of these discrete tax events, the Company’s effective tax rate was relatively consistent for all periods presented at approximately 17%.

Discontinued Operations

On July 6, 2015, the Company completed the sale of its Surface Inspection Systems Division (SISD) that specializes in machine vision systems that are used to inspect the surfaces of materials processed in a continuous fashion. The financial results of SISD are reported as a discontinued operation. Income from discontinued operations was $198,000 and $1,228,000 for the three-month and six-month periods in 2015, respectively, compared to $3,273,000 and $3,963,000 for the same periods in 2014. Income from discontinued operations in 2014 included the recognition of revenue that had been deferred in 2013 related to a new software release, and accordingly, revenue levels were lower in 2015 compared to 2014. The decrease in income from discontinued operations was also due to professional fees recorded in 2015 related to the sale of SISD.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company has historically been able to generate positive cash flow from operations, which has funded its operating activities and other cash requirements and has resulted in an accumulated cash, cash equivalent, and investment balance of $518,907,000 as of July 5, 2015. The Company has established guidelines relative to credit ratings, diversification, and maturities of its investments that maintain liquidity.

The Company’s cash requirements during the six-months ended July 5, 2015 were met with its existing cash balances, cash from investment maturities, positive cash flows from operations, and the proceeds from stock option exercises. Cash flows from operating activities included a significant increase in unbilled revenue that, as of the date of this report, the Company expects to invoice largely in the third quarter of 2015 and collect before year end. In addition to operating activities, cash requirements consisted of investment purchases, the repurchase of common stock, the payment of dividends, and capital expenditures. Capital expenditures for the six-month period ended July 5, 2015 totaled $9,525,000 and consisted primarily of expenditures for building improvements at the Company's headquarters and adjacent buildings in Natick, Massachusetts, as well as computer hardware, computer software, and manufacturing test equipment related to new product introductions.

On July 6, 2015 (the first day of the Company's third quarter), the Company completed the sale of its Surface Inspection Systems Division for $160,000,000 in cash, less a working capital adjustment of $1,600,000 and transaction costs of approximately $5,000,000. A majority of this cash was received in July 2015. The remaining cash, representing a working capital adjustment, is expected to be received in the third quarter.
 
The Company is a Limited Partner in Venrock Associates III, L.P. (Venrock), a venture capital fund. The Company has committed to a total investment in the limited partnership of up to $20,500,000, with the commitment period expiring on December 31, 2015. The Company does not have the right to withdraw from the partnership prior to this date. As of July 5, 2015, the Company had contributed $19,886,000 to the partnership. The remaining commitment of $614,000 can be called by Venrock in any period through December 31, 2015. Distributions and contributions are at the discretion of Venrock’s management. No contributions were made and no distributions were received during the six-month period ended July 5, 2015.

On May 4, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.07 per share payable in the second quarter of 2015 that totaled $6,110,000. On August 3, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.07 per share payable in the third quarter of 2015. Future dividends will be declared at the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors and will depend upon such factors as the Board deems relevant including, among other things, the Company’s ability to generate positive cash flows from operations.

29




In April 2014, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $50,000,000 of the Company's common stock. The Company repurchased 720,000 shares at a cost of $35,848,000 during the second quarter of 2015 under this program. On August 3, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of an additional $100,000,000 of the Company's stock. This new authorization will commence once the Company completes the April 2014 program. The Company may repurchase shares under this program in future periods depending upon a variety of factors, including, among other things, the impact of dilution from employee stock options, stock price, share availability, and cash requirements.

The Company believes that its existing cash, cash equivalent, and investment balances, together with cash flow from operations, will be sufficient to meet its operating, investing, and financing activities for the next twelve months. As of July 5, 2015, the Company had approximately $516,951,000 in cash, cash equivalents, and debt securities that could be converted into cash. In addition, the Company has no debt and does not anticipate needing debt financing in the near future. We believe that our strong cash position has put us in a relatively good position with respect to our longer-term liquidity needs.

New Pronouncements

Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”
The amendments in ASU 2014-09 will supersede and replace all currently existing U.S. GAAP, including industry-specific revenue recognition guidance, with a single, principle-based revenue recognition framework. The concept guiding this new model is that revenue recognition will depict transfer of control to the customer in an amount that reflects consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled. The core principles supporting this framework include (1) identifying the contract with a customer, (2) identifying separate performance obligations within the contract, (3) determining the transaction price, (4) allocating the transaction price to the performance obligations, and (5) recognizing revenue. This new framework will require entities to apply significantly more judgment. This increase in management judgment will require expanded disclosure on estimation methods, inputs, and assumptions for revenue recognition. The Transition Resource Group (TRG) is evaluating the impact of this ASU and will release implementation guidance in future periods. The guidance in ASU 2014-09 is effective for public companies for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. Management will continue to evaluate the impact of this standard as it evolves.

Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2015-05, "Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software"
ASU 2015-05 provides guidance to customers about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. If a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license, then the customer should account for the software license element of the arrangement consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. If a cloud computing arrangement does not include a software license, then the customer should account for the arrangement as a service contract. For public companies, the guidance in ASU 2015-05 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods thereafter. Early adoption is permitted. Management does not expect ASU 2015-05 to have a material impact on the Company's financial statements and disclosures.

Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2015-11, "Inventory - Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory"
ASU 2015-11 requires companies to measure most inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value, thereby simplifying the current guidance under which a company must measure inventory at the lower of cost or market. This Update eliminates the need to determine replacement cost and evaluate whether said cost is within a quantitative range. This Update also further aligns U.S. GAAP and international accounting standards. For public companies, the guidance in ASU 2015-11 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods thereafter. Early adoption is permitted. Management does not expect ASU 2015-11 to have a material impact on the Company's financial statements and disclosures.
ITEM 3: QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
There have been no material changes to the Company’s exposures to market risk since December 31, 2014.
ITEM 4: CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
As required by Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company has evaluated, with the participation of management, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of its disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in such rules) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on such evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that such disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of that date. From time to time, the Company reviews its disclosure controls

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and procedures, and may from time to time make changes aimed at enhancing their effectiveness and to ensure that the Company’s systems evolve with its business. There was no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended July 5, 2015 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II: OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
In March 2013, the Company filed a lawsuit against Microscan Systems, Inc. (“Microscan”) and Code Corporation ("Code") in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York alleging that Microscan’s Mobile Hawk handheld imager infringes U.S. Patent 7,874,487 owned by the Company (the “'487 patent”). The lawsuit sought to prohibit Code from manufacturing the product, and Microscan from selling and distributing the product. The Company also sought monetary damages resulting from the alleged infringement. On April 30, 2014, the jury found that Microscan willfully infringed the ‘487 patent and awarded Cognex $2,578,000 in damages. In July 2014, Microscan filed a Notice of Appeal with the Federal Circuit appealing all orders, findings, and/or conclusions of the District Court that were adverse to Microscan. In August 2014, the Company filed a Notice of Appeal with the Federal Circuit appealing the order granting summary judgment that claims 23, 28, and 29 of the ’487 patent are invalid. Also in August 2014, the Federal Circuit consolidated Microscan’s appeal and the Company’s appeal. In November 2014, the Company filed an unopposed motion to dismiss the Company's appeal, and in December 2014, the Court of Appeals granted the Company's motion to dismiss the Company's appeal. In January 2015, Microscan submitted their appeal brief. The Company filed its response to Microscan’s appeal brief, contesting all assertions therein on March 16, 2015.
In August 2014, Microscan filed a lawsuit against the Company in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York alleging that the Company’s DataMan® 8500 handheld imager infringes U.S. Patent 6,352,204 (the “'204 patent”). The lawsuit sought to prohibit the Company from manufacturing, selling, and distributing the DataMan® 7500, 8500, 8600, and 9500 products. Microscan also sought monetary damages resulting from the alleged infringement. On April 30, 2015, the jury reached a verdict awarding Microscan royalties of $4,411,000 related to sales of the Company’s products during the applicable period.
On June 25, 2015, the Company executed a settlement agreement with Microscan in the amount of $3,500,000 settling all outstanding litigation between the parties. The settlement included a patent license agreement valued at $1,667,000 that allows the Company to continue producing current models of its handheld barcode readers, which was recorded as an asset as of July 5, 2015 and will be amortized to cost of revenue over the five year life of the patent. The remaining $1,833,000 of the settlement was recorded as expense in the second quarter of 2015. All cases were dismissed by the end of July 2015. On July 1, 2015, the Company also executed an immaterial settlement agreement with Code.
Various other claims and legal proceedings generally incidental to the normal course of business are pending or threatened on behalf of or against the Company, including some pertaining to the Company’s recently divested surface inspection business, which arose prior to the transaction closing date and for which the Company retains liability pursuant to the agreement governing such divesture. While we cannot predict the outcome of these matters, we believe that any liability arising from them will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, liquidity, or results of operations.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
For a complete list of factors that could affect the Company’s business, results of operations, and financial condition, see the risk factors discussion provided in Part I—Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014.

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
The following table sets forth information with respect to purchases by the Company of shares of its Common Stock during the periods indicated.
 
Total
Number
of Shares
Purchased
 
Average
Price Paid
per Share
 
Total Number of
Shares
Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced
Plans or
Programs (1)
 
Approximate
Dollar Value
of Shares that
May Yet Be
Purchased
Under the
Plans or
Programs
April 6 - May 3, 2015

 

 

 
$
42,422,000

May 4 - May 31, 2015

 

 

 
$
42,422,000

June 1 - July 5, 2015
720,000

 
49.79

 
720,000

 
$
6,574,000

Total
720,000

 
49.79

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